Much of Morocco's landscape is mountainous with slopes that gradually transition into plateaus and valleys. The Atlas mountains dominate the central part of the country, while the Rif mountains make up the northern edge.
Jebel Toubkal is the highest point of Morocco at 13,664 ft (4,165 m), and is also the highest peak of the Atlas mountains.
The southeastern region of the country is blanketed by the Sahara Desert, the world's third largest desert at over 3,600,000 square miles (9,400,000 sq. km).
Land degradation is a large issue for Morocco, and many other countries located within the Sahara, as overgrazing of livestock and destruction of vegetation has eroded the soil.
Significant sources of water of Morocco include the Moulouya River, whose source is located in the Atlas Mountains, and flows into the Mediterranean Sea.
The lowest point of the country is Sebkha Tah at -180 ft (-55 m).