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Albania Geography

Geography

Albania is partly a broad and swampy coastal plain fronting the Adriatic Sea. From there, making up roughly 70% of the country, the land rises into hills and mountains.

Major ranges include the Albanian Alps, and the Korab and Pindus Mountains. The highest point is Mt. Karabit in the Korab mountains, which runs along and through the Macedonia border, at 9,066 ft (2,764 m).

From the mountains, flowing inland toward the Adriatic Sea, significant rivers include the Drin and Vlore.

The three major lakes of Albania include Shkodra (shared with Montenegro), Ohrid and Prespa (both shared with Macedonia). Lake Ohrid is the deepest lake in the Balkans, and reaches depths of 935 ft (284 m).

Geography Albania

Location:

Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece and Serbia and Montenegro

Geographic coordinates:

41 00 N, 20 00 E

Map references:

Europe

Area:

total: 28,748 sq km
land: 27,398 sq km
water: 1,350 sq km

Area - comparative:

slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries:

total: 720 km
border countries: Greece 282 km, Macedonia 151 km, Serbia and Montenegro 287 km

Coastline:

362 km

Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:

mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter

Terrain:

mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,764 m

Natural resources:

petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower

Land use:

arable land: 21.09%
permanent crops: 4.42%
other: 74.49% (2001)

Irrigated land:

3,400 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:

destructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast; floods; drought

Environment - current issues:

deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domestic effluents

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:

strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea)

What is Geography?

Geography is the study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, in addition to the human activity that affects these. Geography is the nature and relative arrangement of places and physical features.

Landforms

Earth's surface has been modified over millions of years by a combination of geological processes that include, but are not limited to, the uplift of mountain ranges, the growth of volcanoes, and the formation of drainage basins (in which the surface of the landscape drops and is filled with eroded material). Landforms are categorized by a number of physical attributes including rolling plains, broad valleys, deserts, coastlines, and the slope and elevation of mountains.

Rivers

Rivers are natural courses of water, usually freshwater, that flow towards an ocean, lake or sea, or sometimes into another river. In certain instances, rivers will either flow into the ground or dry up completely before reaching a larger body of water. River water is collected from precipitation, groundwater recharge, and the release of stored water in ice and snowpacks.

Lakes

Lakes are inland bodies of water that are fed and drained by rivers; there are also artificial lakes, constructed for industrial or agricultural use, hydro-electric power, domestic water supply, or simply for aesthetic purposes. Generally, lakes are considered to be temporary over geologic time scales, as they slowly fill in with sediments.

Mountains

Formed through tectonic forces or volcanism, mountains stretch and tower thousands of feet above the surrounding land.

Note: The information tabled directly above was researched by and provided by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency

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Drin Valley, Albania kevincure at en.wikipedia

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This page was last modified on August 12, 2015.