Society

Biggest Cities In Azerbaijan

Baku, the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, is also the lowest lying national capital in the world.

Azerbaijan in the South Caucasus region of Asia is bordered by the Caspian Sea to the east, Iran to the south, Russia to the north, and Armenia to the west. As of 2016, the total population of Azerbaijan is 9,754,830. The country also experiences high rates of migration. Baku, Sumqayit, Ganja, Mingachevir, and Lankaran are the five biggest cities in Azerbaijan.

The Five Biggest Cities In Azerbaijan

1. Baku

Baku, the capital city of Azerbaijan, enjoys a number of titles. It is the biggest city in Azerbaijan as well as the largest city in the Caucasus region and on the Caspian Sea. Baku, situated 92 feet below sea level, is also the world’s largest city located below sea level and the lowest lying capital in the world. The city is also the country’s cultural, scientific, and industrial center. It is often nicknamed the "City of Winds” because of the harsh winds that blow through this city.

2. Ganja

Ranking second among the biggest cities in Azerbaijan, Ganja is inhabited by a large number of Azerbaijani refugees who arrived here from Armenia and areas in and around Nagorno-Karabakh. The number of the refugees was estimated to be 33,000 in 2011. Ganja’s economy is based on agriculture and tourism. Copper and alumina are produced by metallurgical industries here after extraction from nearby mines. Footwear, silk, and porcelain industries are also active in the city. Gaja has a number of interesting shopping destinations selling everything from traditional items to foreign products. The city also thrives with rich cultural activities and events throughout the year.

3. Sumqayit

The third biggest city in Azerbaijan after Baku and Ganja, Sumqayit is located close to the Caspian Sea, 31 km away from the capital city of Baku. The city is only recently founded and was established on November 22, 1949, and encompasses an area of 83 square km. Sumqayit supports a number of heavy industries including metallurgical and chemical plants. It is the second biggest industrial center in the country after Baku.

4. Lankaran

Lankaran is located near Azerbaijan’s southern border with Iran. It is a coastal city with sandy beaches. Mineral springs which are the source of sodium, calcium, sulfide, and chloride are located 12 km west of Lankaran while the ruins of the Ballabur Castle are also nearby. The area around Lankaran is important from the ecological point of view as it hosts a diversity of flora and fauna. Over 250 types of plants, 220 avian species, and 20 fish species occur here. Lankaran is famous for its ironwood that is naturally grown in the region. The Hirkan National Park near the city hosts the Persian leopard as well as a rare harvestman species. Lankaran is also associated with ruins and artifacts belonging to the Neolithic period and Bronze and Iron Ages.

5. Mingachevir

It is the fifth biggest city in Azerbaijan and is also nicknamed the city of lights due to the hydroelectric power station on the Kur River located right in the middle of the city. Though the area in and around Mingachevir was occupied by humans for thousands of years, the modern city was founded as recently as 1948.

High Potential For Development

Though many of the cities in Azerbaijan are only recently established, they have high growth rates and are developing rapidly. Though corruption is a big issue in the country, the problem can be overcome with proper management. Human development levels in the country are quite high and considered to be at par with most East European countries. Literacy, employment, and economic development rates of the cities of Azerbaijan are also quite high.

The Biggest Cities In Azerbaijan

RankNamePopulation
1Baku1,116,513
2Ganja313,300
3Sumqayıt265,150
4Lankaran240,300
5Mingelchaur95,453
6Saatlı87,000
7Qaraçuxur72,989
8Şirvan70,220
9Bakıxanov66,686
10Nakhchivan64,754
11Sheki63,000
12Yevlakh59,036
13Xankandi, Azerbaijan53,100
14Bilajari, Azerbaijan42,194
15Maştağa40,092
16Ağdam39,451
17Khirdalan37,949
18Barda37,372
19Xaçmaz37,175
20Salyan36,555
21Hövsan36,293
22Dzhalilabad36,259
23Shamkhor35,421
24Geoktschai35,348
25Agdzhabedy34,989
26Imishli34,178
27Lökbatan, Azerbaijan30,694
28Shamakhi29,403
29Sabirabad28,075
30Amirdzhan26,798
31Fizuli26,765
32Buzovna24,795
33Biny Selo24,596
34Ağdaş23,528
35Divichibazar23,248
36Hacıqabul23,102
37Quba22,405
38Zabrat21,396
39Sabunçu20,996
40Kyurdarmir19,088
41Hacı Zeynalabdin19,019
42Qazax18,903
43Shushi18,662
44Neftçala18,661
45Zaqatala18,277
46Terter18,185
47Pushkino18,182
48Yelenendorf17,816
49Əhmədbəyli17,242
50Aghsu17,209
51Yeni Suraxanı16,127
52Qusar16,022
53Ujar15,741
54Beylagan15,599
55Mardakan15,267
56Astara15,190

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