Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic Timeline

1400s - 1600s
  • (1492) Christopher Columbus discovered island, named it Hispaniola or "Little Spain"
  • (1496) Spaniards set up first Spanish colony at Santo Domingo, served as capital of all Spanish colonies in South America
  • (1510) First shipment of Africans to Santo Domingo
  • (1586) Francis Drake attacked heavily fortified city of Santo Domingo in Hispanola, forced governor to pay large ransom
  • (1697) Treaty of Ryswick gave western part of Hispaniola island (Haiti) to France and eastern part (Santo Domingo- present-day Dominican Republic) to Spain
1700s
  • (1793) First British soldiers came ashore at St. Domingue
  • (1795) Spain ceded its portion of Hispaniola Island to France
1800s
  • (1808) Following revolt by Spanish Creoles, Spain retook Santo Domingo
  • (1810) Napoleon overthrew King of Spain
  • (1821) Brief period of independence followed after uprising against Spanish rule
  • (1822) Haitian Republic born
  • (1844) Dominican Republic gained independence from Haiti, Santo Domingo declared independence, became Dominican Republic
  • (1861-63) President Pedro Santana returned Dominican Republic to Spanish rule
  • (1863-64) Following revolt, Spain withdrew, annulled annexation of Dominican Republic
  • (1865) Second Dominican Republic proclaimed
1900s
  • (1906) 50-year treaty signed by US and Dominican Republic, US took over the Republic's customs department in return for buying its debts
  • (1916-24) Dominican Republic occupied by US forces after internal disorder
  • (1924) Constitutional government assumed control; US forces withdrew
  • (1930) General Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina established personal dictatorship
  • (1937) About 20,000 Haitians living in areas of Dominican Republic adjacent to Haiti massacred by army
  • (1960) Organization of American States adopted resolution, called for severance of diplomatic ties with Dominican Republic
  • (1961) Trujillo assassinated
  • (1962) Founder of leftist Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD), Juan Bosch, elected in first democratic elections in nearly four decades
  • (1963) Bosch deposed in military coup, replaced by three-man civilian junta
  • (1965) 30,000 US troops invaded Dominican Republic following pro-Bosch uprising
  • (1966) Joaquin Balaguer (PRSC) elected president
  • (1978) Silvestre Antonio Guzman (PRD) elected president
  • (1982) Jorge Blanco (PRD) elected president
  • (1986) Balaguer (PRSC) re-elected president
  • (1990) Balaguer re-elected, defeated Bosch by small majority
  • (1994) After being accused of fraud, Balaguer agreed to serve a two-year re-election term
  • (1996) Leonel Fernandez Reyna (PLD) elected president
  • (1998) Hurricane George caused widespread devastation
2000s
  • (2000) Hipolito Mejia (PRD) elected president
  • (2001) Appeals court annulled conviction of corruption charges against former president, Salvador Jorge Blanco; US jet bound for Santo Domingo crashed in New York, killed all 255 people on board
  • (2002) Former President Joaquin Balaguer died after dominating politics for more than 50 years
  • (2003) Demonstrations about economic policies left at least five dead
  • (2004) Leonel Fernandez, former head of state, defeated incumbent President Hipolito Mejia
  • (2005) Congress approved proposed free trade agreement with US and Central American nations
  • (2007) DR entered the accord
  • (2008) President Leonel Fernandez re-elected
  • (2010) Ruling Dominican Liberation Party (PLD) retained power in congressional elections; Dominican Republic tightened border restrictions to prevent cholera spreading from Haiti
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Dominican Republic Photographs


francis drake santo domingo fort rafael trujillo joaquin balaguer hurricane george

Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org