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Serbia History Timeline

500s – 1800s
  • (500's) Serbs settled the Balkan Peninsula
  • (800's) Christianity adopted
  • (1166) Stefan Nemanja, Serbian warrior and chief, founded first Serbian state
  • (1300's) Serbia most powerful state in the Balkans
  • (1389) Serbia defeated in the Battle of Kosovo, absorbed into the Ottoman Empire
  • (1817) Serbia became autonomous principality
  • (1877-78) Russia defeated the Ottoman Turks; Serbia gained independence
1900s
  • (1912-13) Balkan wars, Serbia seized hold of more former Ottoman lands
  • (1914) Serbian forces defeated the Austro-Hungarian army in the Battle of Kolubara, drove them out of Serbia
  • (1918) At end of World War I, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was formed
  • (1929) Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  • (1945) Serbia became one of the republics in new Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
  • (1989) Slobodan Milosevic becomes president of Serbia
  • (1992) Serbia and Montenegro formed Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; UN imposed sanctions on Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
  • (1995) Bosnian Muslim civilians massacred by Bosnian Serbs in Srebrenica; Bosnian war ended; sanctions lifted
  • (1997) Slobodan Milosevic becomes president of Yugoslav
  • (1998) Kosovo Liberation Army rebelled against Serbian rule; Kosovo Albanians fled
  • (1999) Kosovo war officially began; NATO launched air strikes
2000s
  • (2000) President Milosevic quit following mass demonstrations and storming of parliament, Vojislav Kostunica sworn in as president
  • (2000) Federal Republic of Yugoslavia joined UN
  • (2000) Zoran Djindjic became Serbian prime minister
  • (2001) Milosevic affected, charged with abuse of office and misuse of funds, an extradition is to Hague war crimes tribunal authorized
  • (2001) Democratic Party of Serbia pulled out of Serbian government
  • (2001) Ibrahim Rugova became president of Kosovo
  • (2002) Milosevic's trial on charges of genocide and war crimes began in The Hague
  • (2002) Serbian, Montenegrin, Yugoslav leaders signed EU-generated accord to set up new Union of Serbia and Montenegro
  • (2003) Parliament approved constitutional charter for Union of Serbia and Montenegro
  • (2003) Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Djindic assassinated in Belgrade
  • (2004) Vojislav Kostunica became prime minister
  • (2004) Clashes between Serbs and ethnic Albanians in Kosovo erupted in Mitrovica, more than 200 injured, six killed; NATO sent in reinforcements
  • (2004) Boris Tadic elected Serbian president
  • (2006) Milosevic found dead in cell in The Hague
  • (2006) Montenegro voted to separate from Serbia
  • (2006) Serbia's declaration of independence marked final dissolution of State Union of Serbia and Montenegro; Serbia emerged as an independent state, under own name
  • (2006) Voters approved new constitution in referendum, declared Kosovo to be an integral part of the country; Albanian majority in Kosovo boycotted, the UN-sponsored talks on the future of the disputed province continued.
  • (2007) Talks regarding future status of Kosovo ended in stalemate
  • (2007) Milosevic's paramilitary commander, 11 others were convicted for the assassination of Prime Minister Zoran Djindic
  • (2008) Boris Tadic re-elected Serbian president
  • (2008) Kosovo declared independence; Serbia declared actions illegal and said it would not accept the establishment of a false country
  • (2009) IMF lent Serbia € 3 billion to help cover budget deficit
  • (2009) Russia loaned Serbia € 1 billion to help cover budget deficit
  • (2009) Visa-free travel in EU's Schengen countries came into effect for Serbians
  • (2009) Serbia submitted application for EU membership
  • (2010) Earthquake struck central Serbia, killed two, over 100 injured, many structures damaged
  • (2011) Bosnian Serb commander Ratko Mladic, accused of masterminding deportations and killings of Bosnian Muslims and Croats; extradited to The Hague
  • (2011) Serbia and Kosovo began direct talks to end disputes
  • (2011) Serbian authorities arrested Goran Hadzic, the last remaining fugitive war crimes suspect sought by the UN tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

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This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.