Portugal Timeline

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  • (218 BC) Hannibal crossed Portugal on way to Rome
  • (210 BC) Romands invaded Iberian Peninsula
  • (63 BC) Terena, in the Alentejo province, was plundered by Caesar's troops
711 - 1500s
  • (585) Visigoths conquered Portugal
  • (711) The Umayyads and the Berbers of North Africa began the conquest of Spain and Portugal
  • (1064) Coimbra, Portugal fell to Ferdinand, King of Castile
  • (1139) Portugal gained indepedence from Kingdom of Leon with victory over Muslims at Ourique
  • (1147) Alfonso I took Lisbon from the Muslims
  • (1386) John I proposed alliance with England
  • (1420) After discovery of Madeira Island, Portuguese sent colonists to settle
  • (1439) Settlers sent to the islands of the Azores
  • (1446) Portugal claimed ownership of Guinea, the center of their slave trade
  • (1488) Explorer Bartolomeu Dias, became first European navigator to round Cape of Good Hope
  • (1501) Explorer Joao da Nova Castelia discovered Ascension Islands
  • (1549) Brazil became Portuguese royal province
  • (1580) Spanish army marched into Portugal to claim for Philip II, King of Spain
1600s - 1800s
  • (1668) After nearly a century, Spain accepted independence of Portugal
  • (1755) Earthquake hit Lisbon, killed 70,000
  • (1759) Jesuits were expelled from Brazil by the Portuguese
  • (1807) Napolean launched invasion of Portugal
  • (1807) Royal family fled to Brazil
  • (1811) French driven out of Portugal
  • (1815) Kingdom of Portugal and Brazil was formed
  • (1826) Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil, inherited Portuguese throne, continued to rule from Brazil
  • (1828) Miguel became king, ruled as absolute monarch
  • (1834) Pedro became king after rebellion
  • (1836) Shipping of slaves from Angola was banned
  • (1838) New Constitution introduced
  • (1846 - 1847) Portugal Civil War
  • (1887) Chinese government acknowledged Portuguese territorial rights in Macao
  • (1908) King of Portugal, Carlos I and eldest son assassinated as they rode in open carriage in Lisbon
  • (1910) Revolution deposed Manuel II, ended Braganza dynasty and Portuguese monarchy
  • (1911) Church and state separated in new constitution, Manuel Jose de Arriaga elected president
  • (1926) Coup brought military dictatorship, General Antonio de Gragoso Carmona became president
  • (1949) Portugal became founding member of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
  • (1955) Portugal joined United Nations
  • (1959) Portugal was one of seven countries to form European Free Trade Association
  • (1968) Portuguese Embassy in The Hague was bombed
  • (1975) Portuguese Communist Party attempted coup
  • (1976) Portugal adopted democratic consitution
  • (1986) Mario Soares elected first civilian prime minister
  • (1986) Portugal entered EU
  • (1988) Major fire destroyed Lisbon's historic center
  • (1996) Community of Portuguese-Speaking countries formed
  • (1998) $1 billion, 10 miles-long Vasco da Gama bridge opened
  • (1998) Expo opened in Lisbon
  • (1999) Socialist Party returned to power
  • (1999) Macau handed over to Chinese government
  • (2000) Seven people killed in stampede in Lisbon nightclub
  • (2000) Mad cow disease recorded in Azores Islands and Portugal mainland
  • (2001) Nationwide law to decriminalize personal use and possession of drugs went into effect
  • (2001) Social Democratic Party lost heavily to Socialists in election
  • (2002) National strike forced cancellation of school classes, emergency treatment only in hospitals, uncollected garbage
  • (2002) Portugal adopted the euro currency
  • (2003) Wildfires across central Portugal killed 18 people, destroyed over one million acres of forests
  • (2005) EU ordered Portugal to cut budget deficit and public debt
  • (2006) Anibal Cavaco Silva elected president, pledged to help lead Portugal out of economic slump
  • (2007) Portugal took over rotating EU presidency
  • (2009) Portugal's credit rating cut by Standard & Poor's
  • (2010) Flash floods and mudslides killed at least 42 in Madeira Islands
  • (2010) Austerity measures put in place to avoid debt crisis
  • (2010) Labor unions held general strike, pushed government to stop austerity measures
  • (2011) Two-year cost of borrowing hit highest level since joining the euro zone
  • (2011) Bailout of 78 billion euros by IMF, EU and European Central Bank secured in order to avoid default
  • (2011) In early election, Social Democratic Party won
  • (2011) Portugal's debt cut to junk status by Moody's Investor Service

Portugal Photographs

Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org