Language: Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
Largest Cities: (by population) Oslo, Bergen, Stavanger, Trondheim, Fredrikstad. Note that the Oslo metro area now exceeds 1.1 million.
Name: Some medieval texts attribute the name to the mythical King Norr. However, it's generally assumed the name is derived from Old Norse "norovegr," meaning "the northern route" (the way northwards).
National Day: May 17, Constitution Day
Religion: Church of Norway 85.7%, Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2.4%, Muslim 1.8%, other 8.1% (2004)