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Moldova History Timeline

14th century – 19th century
  • (14-15th centuries) Principality of Moldova stretched between Carpathian Mountains and Dniester River
  • (16th-early 19th century) Moldova territory disputed by Ottoman Empire and Russia; numerous wars took place
  • (1812) In Treaty of Bucharest, Russia acquired Bessarabia (Moldova), the area between the River Prut and the west bank of the Dniester river; Ottoman Empire gained control of western Moldova
  • (1878) Independence of Romanian state, included western Moldova, recognized by Ottomans pagan
1900s
  • (1907) Romanian army stopped a Moldavian farmers' revolt
  • (1918) Bessarabia (Moldova) declared independence, followed by the Bolshevik revolution in Russia; parliament called for union with Romania
  • (1920) Union of Bessarabia (Moldova) with Romania recognized by the Treaty of Paris
  • (1924) Bolsheviks formed the Moldovan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, took over a large part of Romania
  • (1939) Romania split up between Germany and Stalin's USSR; Bessarabia (Moldova) went to USSR
  • (1940) Moldova formed from the former Republic of Moldavia and the ceded Romanian territory of Bessarabia
  • (1941) Thousands of Jewish community leaders in Bessarabia (Moldova) were deported to Siberia; German and Romanian troops reoccupied Moldova
  • (1944) Death march of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani, Moldavia began
  • (1989) Romanian reinstated as official language; Latin script adapted to replace the Cyrillic script (Russian)
  • (1990) Moldova declared its sovereignty
  • (1991) Moldova declared independence from USSR
  • (1992) Moldova became a member of United Nations; fighting in Trans-Dniester region led to a state of emergency, hundreds died; Russian peacekeepers deployed
  • (1993) Leu currency replaced the rouble
  • (1994) New constitution proclaimed Moldova's neutrality; Moldovan became official language
  • (1995) Death penalty abolished
  • (1996) Petru Lucinschi elected president
  • (1997) Trans-Dniester negotiations resumed; signed agreement, granted further autonomy and more talks
  • (1998) Ion Ciubuc appointed prime minister
  • (1999) Ion Ciubuc resigned as prime minister, blamed parliament for not supporting his efforts to implement market reforms; OSCE summit in Istanbul set 2002 deadline for withdrawal of Russian troops from Trans-Dniester; Russia cut off natural gas deliveries due to debt of $600 million
2000s
  • (2001) Vladimir Voronin elected president; Moldova passed its first laws against sex trafficking; Trans-Dniester authorities halted withdrawal of Russian arms
  • (2002) Trans-Dniester authorities agreed to allow resumption of Russian withdrawal in exchange for a Russian promise to cut gas debts; OSCE extended deadline for withdrawal of Russian weapons from Trans-Dniester until 2004
  • (2003) President Voronin pulled out of signing Russian proposed deal on trans-Dniester settlement followed by protests of nationalists; Moldova passed laws against sex trafficking with minimum prison sentences
  • (2004) Moldovan Foreign Minister Andrei Stratan, called 1,500 Russian troops in Trans-Dniester a "military occupation"; Defense Minister Gaiciuc dismissed in row over thefts from arms depots
  • (2005) New parliament returned Vladimir Voronin for a second term as president; a Ukrainian plan for Trans-Dniester called for Russia to withdraw troops by end of year; Austrian authorities reported the break-up of a major human trafficking ring
  • (2006) Russian health and sanitary officials imposed a ban on Georgian and Moldovan wines, wines contained pesticides and hard metals; Gazprom, Russian gas giant, cut off supplies when Moldova refused to pay twice the previous price, temporary compromise reached; Chisinau protested Russian decision to suspend imports of Moldovan wine, said move was politically motivated; Trans-Dniester referendum vote backed independence from Moldova, plan to eventually become part of Russia
  • (2008) Prime Minister Vasile Tarlev resigned; President Voronin nominated Deputy Prime Minister Zinaida Greceanii, as Moldova's first woman premier; President Vladimir Voronin and Trans-Dniester leader Igor Smirnov agreed to restart peace talks
  • (2009) Moldova left without supplies, due to Russian-Ukrainian dispute over gas prices; President Voronin elected as parliament speaker; parliamentary polls showed communists lost their majority; Voronin resigned, succeeded by Mihai Ghimpu as speaker; Vlad Filat became prime minister; Voronin resigned as president, succeeded by Ghimpu as acting president; in Moldova, four pro-western parties that upset the Communists in recent elections agreed on a coalition deal to form a new government
  • (2009) Civil unrest in major cities – demonstrators claimed elections were fraudulent, demanded recount, new election or resignation of the government
  • (2010) Constitutional court ordered new parliamentary election to be held to end deadlock over parliament's failure to elect president; referendum to hold direct election of president by people failed, due to low turnout; referendum was proposed by the pro-western liberal governing coalition to break Moldova's political impasse; Acting President Mihai Ghimpu, set November date for new parliamentary election; outgoing ruling coalition failed again to secure enough seats to appoint a new president
  • (2011) Moldova's Constitutional Court ruled that Parliament is the only institution which can decide when to hold a new presidential election. Present government, did not have required number of deputies, remained in charge, no presidential election would be held
  • (2011) Chisinau explosion (car) killed tennis federation chief, Igor Turcan

Moldova Photographs

Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org

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This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.