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Malta History Timeline

BC
  • (5200BC) First settlers arrived on Malta from the island of Sicily
  • (480BC) Maltese Islands came under control of Carthage
  • (218BC) Malta incorporated into the Roman Empire
300's – 1800's
  • (395) Byzantine domination of Malta, followed the final division of the Roman Empire
  • (1091) Count Roger I of Sicily established Norman rule over Malta
  • (1127) Norman control over Malta was consolidated under Roger II of Sicily
  • (1194-1266) Malta and Sicily ruled by the Swabians, established the county of Malta, counts ruled Malta with some degree of autonomy
  • (1266-1283) Angevins ruled Malta and Sicily
  • (1283-1530) Crown of Aragon ruled Malta and Sicily
  • (1565) Malta taken by the Ottoman Empire
  • (1566) Malta's capital city, Valletta, founded
  • (1798) Napoleon conquered Malta
  • (1799) Maltese revolt against the French, Britain took Malta under its protection, in the name of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
  • (1814) Malta became crown colony of British Empire
  • (1853-1856) Malta served as a hospital base in the Crimean War, nicknamed "Nurse of the Mediterranean"
1900's
  • (1934) English and Maltese declared the official languages of Malta
  • (1940) Italy declared war on France and the United Kingdom
  • (1942) King George VI awarded the George Cross to Malta, Britain's highest civilian decoration for heroism
  • (1947) Malta granted self-government
  • (1959) Malta's self-government revoked
  • (1962) Malta's self-government restored
  • (1964) United Kingdom granted Malta its independence
  • (1964-71) Malta joined the United Nations and the Council of Europe; became Associate member of European Community; Dom Mintoff's Malta Labor Party took power
  • (1974) Malta became a republic; Sir Anthony Mamo became Malta's first president; Malta remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations
  • (1979) Military agreement between Malta and United Kingdom expired, led to closure of United Kingdom's military base
  • (1984) Dom Mintoff resigned, succeeded by Carmelo Mifsud-Bonnici
  • (1987) Nationalist party's victory marked move toward European integration; Eddie Fenech Adami became prime minister
  • (1989) Malta hosted first summit between Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev and US President George Bush
  • (1990) Application for full membership in European Union submitted by Malta
  • (1996) Labor party regained power and pulled EU application
  • (1998) Application revived to enter EU
  • (1999) Guido de Marco sworn in as president
2000's
  • (2001) Pope John Paul II visited Malta
  • (2003) Referendum held on European Union membership, narrow majority approved, apportion Labour Party rejected results; victory of nationalist party confirmed vote results
  • (2004) Malta became member of European Union
  • (2005) Parliament ratified proposed EU constitution
  • (2008) Malta adopted the euro; ruling nationalist party won by slim margin
  • (2009) Pope Benedict XVI made pilgrimage to Malta
  • (2011) Divorce referendum held, electorate voted to permit the introduction of divorce

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.