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Liechtenstein History Timeline

1700's – 1800's
  • (1719) Principality of Liechtenstein was created within the Holy Roman Empire; Liechtenstein declared independence from the German empire
  • (1806) Napoleon granted Liechtenstein sovereignty
  • (1815) Liechtenstein was member of the German Confederation until 1866
  • (1866) Liechtenstein fully independent pagan
1900's
  • (1919) Hapsburg monarchy of Austria abolished; Switzerland replaced Austria as Liechtenstein representative on interests abroad
  • (1921) Liechtenstein adopted Swiss currency
  • (1923) Liechtenstein and Switzerland enter customs union
  • (1938) Prince Franz Josef II ascended to the throne
  • (1939-1945) Liechtenstein neutral during WWII
  • (1971) Male electorate in Liechtenstein withheld voting rights to women
  • (1984) Prince Franz Josef II gave over executive power to his son, Crown Prince Hans-Adam II; women granted right to vote in national elections
  • (1989) Prince Hans-Adam II assumed the throne after his father's death
  • (1990) Liechtenstein joined United Nations
  • (1991) Liechtenstein joined European Free Trade Association
  • (1993) Mario Frick became prime minister of Liechtenstein (youngest in Europe)
  • (1997) Mario Frick re-elected
2000's
  • (2000) Liechtenstein blacklisted for not cooperating in fight against money-laundering; Liechtenstein changed banking laws
  • (2001) Liechtenstein removed from blacklist of the Paris-based organization for economic cooperation and development; progressive citizens party member, Otmar Hasler, won prime minister election
  • (2002) Sanctions threatened after OECD included Liechtenstein on a list of seven states failing to meet financial transparency and information exchange standards
  • (2003) Prince Hans-Adam II won referendum to change constitution to give himself greater powers
  • (2004) Crown Prince Hans-Adam formally handed over day-to-day running of Liechtenstein to his son Prince Alois; Liechtenstein ratified the comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty, 116 nations endorsed the pact
  • (2005) Referendum vote soundly endorsed legalization of abortion in early stages of pregnancy
  • (2006) Liechtenstein remained on the list of uncooperative tax havens; Liechtenstein celebrated 200 years of sovereignty; after re-measuring the borders of Liechtenstein officials established that it was larger than thought
  • (2007) Population of Liechtenstein numbered 35,000
  • (2008) Liechtenstein's largest financial group, LGT group, confirmed stolen client data, believed to have fueled a major German tax evasion probe; internet child pornography ring operating out of Liechtenstein and three other European countries broken up by police
  • (2009) EU ministers demanded reopening negotiations with Liechtenstein on fighting fraud; Liechtenstein failed, the new Prime Minister Klaus Tschtscher promised OECD full cooperation on tax affairs; Liechtenstein signed agreements on sharing financial information with many countries, included the US, UK, and Germany; OECD removed Liechtenstein from list of uncooperative countries
  • (2011) Registered partnership law (same-sex unions) referendum approved by 68% of voters

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.