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Finland History Timeline

100s - 1000s
  • (100 - 400) Migrations to Finland from southern Baltic
  • (400 - 800) Iron Age culture developed; Finland strengthened ties with regional powers
  • (800 - 1050) Swedish Vikings established trade ties with Russia via Finland
1000s - 1600s
  • (1150's) Swedish led crusades to southwestern Finland; converted Finns to Christianity
  • (1155 - 1809) Finland incorporated into Kingdom of Sweden
  • (1238 -1249) Second crusade to Tavasita by Swedes
  • (1293) Third Crusade by Swedes to eastern Finland; established dividing line between Catholic West and Orthodox East
  • (1323) Peace treaty of Pahkinasaari signed
  • (1362) Finns granted right to send representatives to vote in Sweden's election
  • (1523) Gustavus Vasa (King of Sweden) established Lutheran Church in Sweden and Finland
  • (1550) Helsinki founded
  • (1596 - 1597) "Mallet War" took place, farmers revolted against nobels
  • (1617) Peace of Stolbova enacted; Sweden became ruler of Baltic Sea, controlled entire Gulf of Finland
  • (1696 - 1697) Devastating famine killed one-third of population
1700s - 1800s
  • (1713 - 1721) Russia invaded Finland; maintained reign of terror
  • (1721) In Treaty of Uusikaupunki, Sweden gave southeastern Finland, Livonia, Estonia and Ingria to Russia
  • (1743) In Treaty of Abo, Sweden ceded southeast Finland to Russia
  • (1808 - 1809) "Finnish War" fought between Sweden and Russia
  • (1809) Sweden ceded Finland to Russia; Finland became Grand Duchy of Russia; State Council of Finns appointed; Finland enjoys limited autonomy
  • (1812) Helsinki named capital of Finland
  • (1860) Finland acquired its own currency, the markka(Finnish mark)
  • (1864) Finnish peasants allowed to buy land
  • (1879 - 1880) Finnish explorer, A.E. Nordenskiold, took first ship through Arctic via Northeast Passage
  • (1881 - 1894) Earlier rights in Finland encroached upon by Tsar Alexander III; rural poverty led to large-scale emigration to U. S.
  • (1894 - 1917) Finland lost much autonomy; russification of Finland policy initiated; censorship and conscription introduced; civil disobedience began
1900s
  • (1906) Finland acquired national parliament
  • (1907) Finland became first European country to give women right to vote
  • (1917) Finland declared independence from Russia; Finnish Republic demanded withdrawal of Russian troops; Russia declared Finland to be independent
  • (1918) Civil War in Finland occurred between "Whites"(Finland forces) and "Reds" (Russian troops); Whites victorious
  • (1919) Finland became republic; K. J. Stahlberg became first president
  • (1920) Peace of Tartu officially declared Finland's independence; Finland became member of League of Nations
  • (1930) Laupa (Fascist) movement resulted in great peasants' march to Helsinki
  • (1930 - 1955) Finland enacted forced sterilization program
  • (1932) Finland and Soviet Union signed non-aggression treaty
  • (1939) World War II began; Finland declared neutrality; Soviet Union invaded, Winter War began
  • (1940) Finland forced to concede to Soviet Union; Treaty of Moscow gave 10% of Finnish territory to Soviet Union
  • (1941) Germany attacked Soviet Union; Finland launched military campaign to regain territory from Soviet Union; Britain declared war on Finland
  • (1941 - 1944) "Continuation War" with Russia
  • (1944) Red Army (Soviets) invaded; armistice signed; Finland conceded more land to Soviet Union; paid hundreds of millions of dollars in war reparations
  • (1945) Finland fought against Germany in Lapland
  • (1947) Peace treaty signed between Soviet Union and Finland
  • (1948) Finland and Soviet Union signed Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance
  • (1952) Olympic Games held in Helsinki
  • (1955) Finland joined United Nations and Nordic Council
  • (1956) Soviet Union returned Porkkala Naval Base to Finland
  • (1956 - 1981) Urho Kekkonen serves as President
  • (1958) "Night frost crisis" - Soviet Union intervened in composition of Finnish government
  • (1961) Finland became associate member of European Free Trade Association (EFTA); Soviet Union intervened in Finnish presidential election - "the note crisis"
  • (1970) Finland adopted 40-hour work week
  • (1973) Finland signed free-trade agreement with European Economic Community (EEC)
  • (1975) Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe took place in Helsinki, representatives from 35 countries attended
  • (1989) Finland became member of Council of Europe
  • (1991) Soviet Union broke up; Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance lapsed
  • (1991 - 1993) Former Soviet Union and eastern European markets collapsed; Finnish economy suffered deep recession
  • (1992) Finland applied for membership in the European Union (EU) community
  • (1994) Finland became member of NATO Partnership for Peace Program; voters approved membership of European Union
  • (1995) Finland became member of European Union
  • (1999) Social Democratic Party returned to power by voters; EU summit held in Helsinki, expanded to 28 members
2000s
  • (2000) Tarja Halonen elected Finland's first female president; new Constitution went into effect
  • (2002) Blast in Myyrmanni shopping mall killed seven, 80 injured; Finland changed currency to Euro; Parliament approved construction of fifth nuclear reactor; Green Party withdrew from government coalition in protest
  • (2003) Center-left government formed by three political parties;(April) Anneli Jaatteenmake became first female prime minister; (June) Prime Minister Jaatteenmake resigned due to accusations about leaks of information during campaign
  • (2004) Icy road conditions in southern Finland caused bus/truck accident, killed 24, injured 15; two Finnish businessmen shot and killed in Baghdad
  • (2005) Nation-wide paper industry strike due to holiday pay and work conditions
  • (2006) Parliament voted in favor of EU constitution
  • (2007) Center Party won parliamentary elections
  • (2007) School shooting in southern Finland killed eight
  • (2011) True Finn party gained significant seats in parliament

Finland Photographs



Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org

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This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.