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Republic Details

The Republic of Chechnya is located on the north slope of the Caucasus Mountains within 100 kilometers of the Caspian Sea.

It's strategically vital to the Russian Federation for two reasons. First, access routes to both the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea go from the center of the federation through Chechnya. Second, vital Russian oil and gas pipeline connections with Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan also run through Chechnya.

The declaration of full independence issued in 1993 by the Chechen government of Dzhokar Dudayev led to civil war in that republic, and several Russian-backed attempts to overthrow Dudayev failed in 1993 and 1994.

Following the First Chechen War with Russia, Chechnya gained de facto independence as the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. Russian federal control was restored during the Second Chechen War. Since then there has been a systematic reconstruction and rebuilding process, though sporadic fighting continues in the mountains and southern regions of the republic.

Chechnya Facts and Figures

arrow Official Name Chechen Republic

arrow Population 1,268,989 (2010)

arrow Largest City & Capital Grozny

arrow Languages Chechen and Russian

arrow Official Currency Ruble

arrow Currency Converter (here)

arrow Religions Islam is the predominant religion in Chechnya as Chechens are overwhelmingly adherents to Sunni Islam.

arrow Flag here

arrow Land Area 17,300 km2 (6,679.6 sq mi)

arrow Latitude/Longitude 43º 24N, 45º 43E

Chechnya Suggested Links

arrow Chechnya News

arrow Crisis in Chechnya

dot Russia Maps

arrow Chechnya Large Color Map here

arrow Chechnya Outline Map here

arrow Russian Map (large) here

arrow Russian Outline Map here

arrow Russian Federation Outline Map here

arrow Russian Federation Map CIA version here

arrow Russian Federation Maps at UT here

arrow Asia Continent (printable) here

arrow Asia Outline Map here

arrow Asia Political Map at UT here

arrow Europe Continent here

arrow European Continent at UT here

Russia Suggested Links

arrow Russian Embassy (U.S.) here!

arrow Russian Tourism here!

arrow St. Petersburg Guide here!

arrow Russian Federation (Complete) info on the (GDP) economy, imports and exports, natural resources, government, population, military, transportation, and much more here!

arrow Climate The Russian Federation (because of its size) has a wide variety of weather conditions.

In general terms, winters are somewhat mild along the Black Sea coastal areas, much colder inland and northwest, and frigid in Siberia.

Summers vary from mild to warm in the west and central, with cooler conditions north, and along the Arctic coast.

For specific conditions and forecast for a large variety of cities, go here.

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