Latitude: (shown as a horizontal line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds of a point north or south of the Equator. Lines of latitude are often referred to as parallels.
Longitude: (shown as a vertical line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds, of a point east or west of the Prime (Greenwich) Meridian at 0°. On the other side of the planet in the Pacific Ocean the 180° line of longitude is the ending point. Lines of longitude are often referred to as meridians.
Oceania Latitude and Longitude examples: (see map)
|Auckland, New Zealand:||36°||50'||S||/ 174°||45'||E|
|Hagatna, Guam||13°||28'||N||/ 144°||45'||E|
|Papeete, Tahiti:||17°||32'||S||/ 149°||34'||W|
|Perth, Australia:||31°||57'||S||/ 115°||51'||E|