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Tajikistan History Timeline

700's AD - 1800's
  • (700's) Arab invaders conquered central Asia, introduced Islam
  • (800 - 900) Persian Samanid dynasty gained control of central Asia, developed Bukhara as Muslim culture center
  • (1200's) Genghis Khan conquered Tajikstan and rest of central Asia, became part of the Mongol Empire
  • (1300's) Takikstan became part of Turkic ruler, Tamerlane's, empire
  • (1860 - 1900) Tajikstan divided, Tsarist Russia ruled the north, Emirate of Bukhara annexed the south
1900's
  • (1917 - 1918) Central Asian groups mounted insurrection, but failed
  • (1921) North Tajikistan became part of Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR)
  • (1924) Tajik ASSR became part of Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR)
  • (1929) Tajik ASSR upgraded to SSR, became separate from Uzbek SSR, acquired the territory of Khujand from Uzbek SSR
  • (1960's) Tajikistan became third largest cotton-producing republic in Soviet Union
  • (1978) Over 13,000 people took part in anti-Russian riots
  • (1989) Tajik legislature declared Tajik to be official state language
  • (1989) Rastokhez People's Front established
  • (1990) Pro-democracy protests in Dushanbe, caused state of emergency to be declared, 5,000 Soviet troops sent in to suppress riots
  • (1991) Independence from Soviet Union
  • (1991) Rahmon Nabiyev won first election
  • (1991) Tajikistan joined Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
  • (1992) Civil war between pro-government forces and Islamist and pro-democracy groups killed over 20,000, displaced 600,000, devastated the economy
  • (1992) President Nabiyev forced to resign following violent demonstrations, Emomali Rahmonov took over as head of state
  • (1993) Supreme Court banned all opposition parties, Communist Party of Tajikistan was only legal party
  • (1993) Government imposed strict media controls
  • (1993) CIS peacekeeping forces sent to Tajik-Afghan border to stop Islamist guerrilla groups infiltrating from Afghanistan bases
  • (1994) Government and rebels agreed to cease fire
  • (1994) Referendum passed reinstating presidential system
  • (1994) Emomali Rahmonov elected president
  • (1995) Supporters of Rahmonov won parliamentary elections
  • (1995) Fighting erupted on Afghan border
  • (1996) Towns in southwestern Tajikistan captured by Islamist rebels
  • (1996) UN sponsored ceasefire between government and rebels
  • (1997) Peace Accord signed by Government and rebel party, United Tajik Opposition (UTO)
  • (1997) Rahmonov injured in grenade attack
  • (1998) All opposition leaders in exile pardoned by President Rahmonov
  • (1998) Rahmonov agreed to appoint an Islamist opposition leader as first deputy prime minister

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.