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Saudi Arabia History Timeline

570 AD - 1800s
  • (570) Muhammad, founder of Islam, was born into the Quaraysh tribe in the Makkah province
  • (622) Muhammad drafted Constitution of Medina, a formal agreement between himself, the Muslims, Jews and pagans
  • (622) Muhammad and his followers moved from Mecca to Medina
  • (624 - 628) Jewish clans in Arabian Peninsula and Quraysh, an Arab tribe, went to war against Muhammad
  • (630) Muhammed and his army took over Mecca, the area became the first mosque
  • (632) Muhammed died
  • (632 - 661) Rashidun Caliphate was founded after Muhammad's death, became one of the largest empires of its time
  • (644) Umar of Arabia, second Caliph of Islam, was stabbed and died four days later, council appointed Uthman as next caliph; Uthman continued to expand the Muslim Empire
  • (1400s) Saud Dynasty was founded near Riyadh
  • (1742 - 1765) Muhammad bin Saud Al Saud, a member of the House of Saud, allied with Wahhabists and expanded the family's domain
  • (1780) Al-Ajyad Castle was built in Mecca to protect the city and shrines from invaders
  • (1801) Saudi Arabs led Sunni raids into Iraq, killed about 5,000
  • (1804) Wahhabis captured Medina
  • (1806) Saudi Arabs led more Sunni raids into Iraq, killed another 5,000
  • (1813) Wahhabis were driven out of Mecca
  • (1824) Saud family established new capital at Riyadh, established second Saudi State
  • (1837) Sanusi, a Sufi order, was founded in Mecca
  • (1865) Ottomans captured parts of the Saudi State
  • (1871) Ottomans took control of Hasa province
  • (1891) Al-Saud family took exile in Kuwait
1900s
  • (1902) Al-Saud's son, Abdulaziz, and 40 followers, retook Riyadh
  • (1906 - 1926) Saudi forces captured Al Hijaz, Asir, Al Hasa regions
  • (1908) Sharif Hussein became Emir of Mecca
  • (1916) Hussein initiated Arab Revolt against Ottoman Empire during World War I
  • (1916) Mecca fell to Arabs during Great Arab Revolt
  • (1916) T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) was assigned to be the British liaison to Prince Faisal Hussein
  • (1917) Arab army fought Turkish forces at Akaba, killed 300, captured 160 Turkish soldiers
  • (1918) Arab forces seized Deraa, Jordan
  • (1918) Arab forces, led by Prince Faisal, took control of Syria
  • (1921) Winston Churchill and T. E. Lawrence proposed that Hussein and his sons would rule the region under the watch of British
  • (1924 - 1925) Abdulaziz captured all of Hijaz, including Mecca and Medina
  • (1924) King Hussein abdicated the throne in favor of his son, Ali
  • (1925) King Ali left Hejaz
  • (1926) Abdul Aziz declared King of Hejaz and Sultan of Nejd
  • (1932) Government of Hejaz and Nejd officially changed name to Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was proclaimed
  • (1932) Abd-al-Aziz was proclaimed to be the king
  • (1933) Saud, the eldest son of King Abd-al-Aziz was named crown prince
  • (1938) Oil was discovered in the Dammam Dome near the Persian Gulf
  • (1945) Saudi King al-Aziz and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt reached agreement that U.S. would protect the Saudi royal family in return for access to Saudi oil
  • (1945) Saudi Arabia was a founding member of Arab League
  • (1945) Saudi Arabia was one of the founding members of the United Nations (UN)
  • (1951) Ghawar oil field in Saudi Arabia was put into production, largest oil field ever found
  • (1953) King Abd-al-Aziz died, Crown Prince Saud named king
  • (1953) Saud's brother, Faisal, named crown prince
  • (1960) Saudi Arabia was one of the OPEC founders
  • (1962) Slavery was abolished

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.