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Jordan History Timeline

BC
  • (2000-1550BC) Area controlled by several kingdoms, Arabic-speaking Nabataeans created kingdom in southeast
  • (63BC) Pompey conquered the region
100 AD - 1800s
  • (106) Jordan became part of the Roman province of Arabia
  • (333) Jordan destroyed by Alexander the Great on his way to Egypt
  • (363) Earthquake destroyed half the city of Petra
  • (662) Muslim Arabs conquered Jordan, Ummayad empire began control
  • (1037) Seljuk Turks began rule of Jordan
  • (1250) Mamlukes seized control and ruled Egyptian Sultanate
  • (1517) Ottoman Turks conquered Jordan
  • (1880) Lebanon, Palestine and Jordan were part of Syria, still under Ottoman rule
1900s
  • (1918) Arab forces attacked city of Deraa
  • (1921) Britain gained control after World War I, over the territory known as Transjordan; Hashemite Abdullah ibn al-Husayni crowned Emir of Transjordan; Amman established as capital
  • (1922) Council of League of Nations recognized Transjordan a state under Britain supervision
  • (1923) Britain recognized Transjordan's independence with Abdullah as leader, subject to mandate
  • (1929) Transjordan held its first elections for legislative council
  • (1931) Iraq and Transjordan signed peace treaty
  • (1946) Transjordan granted full independence from Britain; Abdullah I named King
  • (1947) Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in caves at Qumran by Bedouin
  • (1948) Thousands of Palestinians fled Arab-Israeli fighting to West Bank and Jordan
  • (1948) Jordan annexed the Wet Bank, offered all Palestinians citizenship
  • (1949 - 1950) Name officially changed to Jordan
  • (1949 - 1950) After state of Israel was created, Jordan joined Arab neighbors in fight against the new country; Jordan took control of the West Bank and East Jerusalem
  • (1951) King Abdullah Hussein assassinated by Palestinian gunman
  • (1952) Talal, Abdulla Jussein's son, named King of Jordan
  • (1952) Constitution adopted, King given right to hire and fire unelected prime ministers
  • (1952) King Talal abdicated throne to Prince Hussein due to mental illness
  • (1953) Israeli commando unit, led by Ariel Sharon, raided Jordanian village of Qibya, killed over 70 civilians
  • (1955) Government of Tewfik Abdul Huda resigned
  • (1957) British troops completed withdrawal from Jordan
  • (1957) King Hussein suspended parliament for four years following attempted leftist coup
  • (1958) Arab Federation of Jordan and Iraq dissolved by King Husssein
  • (1958) King Hussein broke off diplomatic relations with United Arab Republic
  • (1963 - 1994) King Hussein held secret meetings with leading Israelis, including prime and foreign ministers
  • (1967) Israel won Six-Day Arab-Israeli War, captured Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East Jerusalem; Palestinian refugees fled to Jordan
  • (1970) Black September - Government forces battled Palestinian fighters, thousands injured, 2,000 killed
  • (1971) Jordanian troops wiped out Palestinian guerrillas, brought 1,500 prisoners to Amman
  • (1971) Iraq and Syria broke off relations with Jordan
  • (1974) King Hussein recognized the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) as sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people
  • (1974) Jordanian women received right to vote
  • (1978) Lisa Halaby, an American-Arab from New York, married King Hussein, became Queen Noor
  • (1986) King Hussein dissolved political association with the PLO, ceased negotiations; ordered main office to shut down
  • (1988) Hussein publicly supported the Palestinian uprising against Israeli rule
  • (1988) Jordan renounced claim on the West Bank, retained role as guardian of Jerusalem's holy places
  • (1988) King Hussein dissolved lower house of Parliament
  • (1989) Economic reforms were enacted, riots over price increases took place in several cities
  • (1990 - 1992) During Gulf War, King Hussein maintained neutrality

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This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.