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Israel History Timeline

10,000 BC - 37 BC
  • (10,000 BC) First permanent settlements in Israel
  • (7,000 BC) Wall of Jericho built
  • (1469 BC) Egyptian Pharoah Thutmose III defeated Canaanite army at Megiddo, Egyptian rule began over Canaan
  • (1300 BC) Jews were led out of Egypt by Moses
  • (1200s BC) Philistines arrived by ship, named the area Palestine
  • (1250 BC) Israelites began to conquer and settle Canaan on the eastern Mediterranean coast
  • (1000 BC) King David captured Jerusalem, established it as the City of David
  • (990 BC) Jerusalem and Israel unified as one nation
  • (970 BC) Solomon became king of the Israelites
  • (950 BC) King Solomon built First Temple
  • (928 BC) After dispute over taxation, Israel split into two nations: Israel in the north, Judah in the south
  • (722 - 720 BC) Assyrians crushed Israel, 10 tribes were exiled
  • (597 BC) Babylonian army arrived to stop rebellion, took prominent Jews into exile
  • (586 BC) Rebellion quelled by the Babylonians, First Temple destroyed, more Jews exiled
  • (539 BC) Persians defeated Babvylonians
  • (538 BC) Cyrus the Great of Persia allowed Jews to return to Israel.
  • (538 BC) Jews allowed to rebuild temple in return for oath of loyalty to Persia
  • (515 BC) Second Temple built
  • (332 BC) Persia conquered and empire taken over by Alexander the Great of Macedonia, the Hellenization of Israel began
  • (170 - 164 BC) Jews gained independence following Maccabee revolt against forced Hellenization
  • (63 BC) Jerusalem conquered by Roman legions led by General Pompey
  • (37 BC) Herod the Great named as vassal king of Rome
66 AD - 1500s
  • (66-73) Jews rebelled against Roman rule, Jerusalem and Second Temple destroyed
  • (73) Fortification of Masada fell to the Roman Empire, Jewish rebellion ended
  • (130 - 132) Circumcision outlawed by Hadrian
  • (132 - 135) In Bar Kochba rebellion, Jews crushed by Romans, sold into slavery or driven into exile
  • (132 - 135) Jerusalem rebuilt as Aelia Capitolina
  • (313) Roman Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity, granted freedom of worship to Christians throughout the empire
  • (638) Byzantine army defeated by Omar at Yarmuk River in Syria; Muslims ruled Palestine

1000s - 1500s

  • (1071) Christians forbidden to enter Jerusalem by Seljuk Turks
  • (1095) Crusades launched by Pope Urban II
  • (1099) After a five-weeks siege, crusaders took Jerusalem, Jews and Muslims were murdered or sold into slavery
  • (1187) Jerusalem retaken by Saladin
  • (1400) Israel came under the Egyptian rule of Mameluke
  • (1400) Jews began emigration to Palestine to avoid persecution in Europe
  • (1516) Ottoman Empire defeated Mamelukes
  • (1537) New walls and gates around Jerusalem were ordered to be built by Suleyman the Magnificent
1900s
  • (1917) Jerusalem captured from the Turks by British General Allenby
  • (1929) Jews attacked by Arabs in Jerusalem, Hebron, and Safed
  • (1948) State of Israel declared by the Jewish leadership in Palestine
  • (1948) British withdrew from Israel
  • (1948) Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Egypt attacked Israel
  • (1949) Fighting ended with Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt signing 1949 Armistice Agreements with Israel
  • (1949) Palestinian Arabs who had fled during conflict were not allowed to return to their homes
  • (1949) Israel admitted to United Nations

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.