Language: Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian
Largest Cities: (by population) Baghdad, Mosul, Irbil, Basrah, Suleymaniye, Kirkuk
Name: Arabic for, "the fertile" or "deep-rooted land"
National Day: July 14, Republic Day
note: Iraq has yet to declare an official national holiday but still observes Republic Day
Religion: Muslim 97% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%
Note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50 percent since the fall of the Saddam Hussein regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan and Lebanon