Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone Fast Facts

Looking to learn about Sierra Leone in under 1 minute? Check out our Where is Sierra Leone? page, or What is the Capital of Sierra Leone? page.

  • Name: Sierra Leone
    (long form) Republic of Sierra Leone
  • Capital City: Freetown (1,200,000 pop.)
  • Sierra Leone Population: 5,612,685 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Sierra Leonean leone (SLL)
    (conversion rates)

    Sierra Leonean leone
    2000 Leones
  • Ethnicity: Temne 35%, Mende 31%, Limba 8%, Kono 5%, Kriole 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio), Mandingo 2%, Loko 2%, other 15% (includes refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)
  • GDP total: $8.412 billion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $1,400 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Freetown, Bo, Kenema, Makeni, Koidu
  • Name: Meaning Lion Mountains, the country was named after Portuguese explorer Pedro de Sintra saw the mountains while sailing the west African coast in 1462, although it is unclear as to why the mountains appeared to look like lions.
  • National Day: April 27
  • Religion: Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%
  • Symbols

Sierra Leone Photographs

Kenema

Kenema, Sierra Leone Kaly99 at en.wikipedia