Ethnicity: Temne 35%, Mende 31%, Limba 8%, Kono 5%, Kriole 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio), Mandingo 2%, Loko 2%, other 15% (includes refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)
Language: English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
Largest Cities: (by population) Freetown, Bo, Kenema, Makeni, Koidu
Name: Meaning Lion Mountains, the country was named after Portuguese explorer Pedro de Sintra saw the mountains while sailing the west African coast in 1462, although it is unclear as to why the mountains appeared to look like lions.
National Day: April 27
Religion: Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%