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Equatorial Guinea History Timeline

1400s - 1800s
  • (1471) The island of Fernando Poo (now Bioko) is sighted by Portuguese navigator Fernao do Po
  • (1777) Fernando Poo and the island of Annobon are succeeded to Spain
  • (1844) The Spanish began to settle mainland Equatorial Guinea, building the province of Rio Muni
1900s
  • (1904) Fernando Poo and Rio Muni are merged into the Western African Territories, and later renamed Spanish Guinea
  • (1968) Spanish Guinea gained independence, and is renamed Equatorial Guinea; Francisco Macias Nguema is named president
  • (1971) Nguema issued a decree granting himself "all direct powers of Government and Institutions" and takes on the title of 'President for Life'
  • (1979) Nguema is ousted in a military coup staged by his nephew Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
  • (1993) The first multi-party elections of Equatorial Guinea are condemned as fraudulent and boycotted by the opposition
  • (1996) Obiang Nguema is elected president with 99% of votes despite reports of widespread irregularities
  • (1998) Military posts on Bioko island are attacked
2000s
  • (2001) Equatorial Guinea became known as one of the world's fastest growing economies due to oil exploitation; opposition claimed growth effect was too small
  • (2002) 68 people are jailed due to an alleged coup plot against President Obiang Nguema
  • (2002) President Obiang Nguema is re-elected with 100% of the vote, however opposition leaders had pulled out of the poll due to concerns of fraud
  • (2004) Mercenaries are arrested over an alleged coup attempt
  • (2005) A passenger plane crashed shortly after take-off from Malabo, 55 people killed
  • (2006) A mass resignation of the government occurred following an accusation of corruption and poor leadership by the president, key minsters are reappointed
  • (2009) The presidential palace is attacked by seven Nigerians
  • (2009) Obiang secured another presidential term
  • (2010) Four alleged coup plotters are found guilty and are executed within hours of the sentence
  • (2011) A referendum is issued on constitutional changes
  • (2012) Equatorial Guinea co-hosted the Africa Cup of Nations
  • (2012) The president's son, Teodorin, is promoted to vice president
  • (2012) An arrest warrant is issued for Teodorin by France after an alleged misspending of public funds
  • (2013) Opposition activists are arrested preceding parliamentary elections

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.