Algeria

Algeria Fast Facts

  • Name: Algeria
    (long form) People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
  • Capital City: Algiers (2,988,145 pop.)
    (5,000,000 metro)
  • Algeria Population: 38,087,812 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Algerian Dinar
    (conversion rates)

    Algerian Dinar
    100 Algerian Dinars
  • Ethnicity: Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%

    note: almost all Algerians are Berber in origin, not Arab; the minority who identify themselves as Berber live mostly in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of Algiers; the Berbers are Muslim but identify with their Berber rather than Arab cultural heritage; Berbers have long agitated, sometimes violently, for autonomy; the government is unlikely to grant autonomy but has offered to begin sponsoring teaching Berber language in schools
  • GDP total: $274.5 billion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $7,500 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Batna
  • Name: Meaning, "Land of Algiers."
  • National Day: November 1
  • Religion: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%
  • Symbols
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