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Slovenia Geography

Geography

Over 40% of Slovenia is mountains, as the Alps extend across the northern part of the country.

The country's highest point is Triglav, which rests in the Alps, and peaks at 9,396 ft (2,864 m).

The Julian and Savinja ranges run along its borders with Austria and Italy.

Located within the Julian Alps are two glacial lakes (Bohinj and Bled), and major rivers include the Drava and Sava.

Moving towards the central and south, the balance of land is a mixture of high hills and valleys, covered by green forests.

Slovenia, as a matter of fact, is ranked third in Europe for being the most forested country, with over half of its land covered.

Geography Slovenia
Location: Central Europe, eastern Alps bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia

Geographic coordinates:

46 07 N, 14 49 E

Map references:

Europe

Area:

total: 20,273 sq km
land: 20,151 sq km
water: 122 sq km

Area - comparative:

slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries:

total: 1,334 km
border countries: Austria 330 km, Croatia 670 km, Italy 232 km, Hungary 102 km

Coastline:

46.6 km

Maritime claims:

NA

Climate:

Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east

Terrain:

a short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountains and valleys with numerous rivers to the east

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Triglav 2,864 m

Natural resources:

lignite coal, lead, zinc, mercury, uranium, silver, hydropower, forests

Land use:

arable land: 8.6%
permanent crops: 1.49%
other: 89.91% (2001)

Irrigated land:

20 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:

flooding and earthquakes

Environment - current issues:

Sava River polluted with domestic and industrial waste; pollution of coastal waters with heavy metals and toxic chemicals; forest damage near Koper from air pollution (originating at metallurgical and chemical plants) and resulting acid rain

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

Geography - note:

despite its small size, this eastern Alpine country controls some of Europe's major transit routes

Note: The information tabled directly above was researched by and provided by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency

map of Slovenia

locator map of Slovenia

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Bled Lake

Aerial view of Bled Lake, Slovenia

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This page was last modified on August 13, 2015.