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Montenegro Geography

Geography

Ranging from towering peaks along the Serbian and Albanian borders to a small coastal plain, Montenegro is home to a diverse landscape due to its position on the Balkan peninsula and Adriatic Sea

Consisting of some of the most rugged terrain in Europe, Montenegro's most notable mountain ranges include the Durmitor range, Mount Orjen and Mount Lovcen.

The highest point is Bobotov Kuk, located in the Durmitor range, with an elevation of 8,274 ft (2,522 m).

East, along the Adriatic Sea, a prominent element on the Montenegrin coast is a submerged river canyon known as the Bay of Kotor.

Significant rivers of Montenegro include the Drina, Tara and Lim. Montenegro's largest lake is Lake Skadar, and is shared with Albania.

Geography Serbia and Montenegro
Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina

Geographic coordinates:

44 00 N, 21 00 E

Map references:

Europe

Area:

total: 102,350 sq km
land: 102,136 sq km
water: 214 sq km

Area - comparative:

slightly smaller than Kentucky

Land boundaries:

total: 2,246 km
border countries: Albania 287 km, Bosnia and Herzegovina 527 km, Bulgaria 318 km, Croatia (north) 241 km, Croatia (south) 25 km, Hungary 151 km, Macedonia 221 km, Romania 476 km

Coastline:

199 km

Maritime claims:

NA

Climate:

in the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall); central portion, continental and Mediterranean climate; to the south, Adriatic climate along the coast, hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall inland

Terrain:

extremely varied; to the north, rich fertile plains; to the east, limestone ranges and basins; to the southeast, ancient mountains and hills; to the southwest, extremely high shoreline with no islands off the coast

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Daravica 2,656 m

Natural resources:

oil, gas, coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, antimony, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, hydropower, arable land

Land use:

arable land: 33.35%
permanent crops: 3.2%
other: 63.45% (2001)

Irrigated land:

570 sq km

Natural hazards:

destructive earthquakes

Environment - current issues:

pollution of coastal waters from sewage outlets, especially in tourist-related areas such as Kotor; air pollution around Belgrade and other industrial cities; water pollution from industrial wastes dumped into the Sava which flows into the Danube

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:

controls one of the major land routes from Western Europe to Turkey and the Near East; strategic location along the Adriatic coast

Note: The information tabled directly above was researched by and provided by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

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bay of kotor

Bay of Kotor, Montenegro

Litany at en.wikipedia

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This page was last updated on August 13, 2015.