Society

Biggest Cities Of Costa Rica

San José, the capital and most populous city of Costa Rica, is also the political, cultural, and economic center of the country.

Demographics Of Costa Rica

Costa Rica is located in Central America between Nicaragua and Panama bordering the Caribbean Sea and North Pacific Ocean. The country has an estimated population of 4,872,543 people who mainly reside in the urban centers. The white or Mestizo group makes up to 83.6% of the population followed by 6.7% Mulato, 2.45% indigenous, 2.4% blacks of African origin. The Costa Rican residents are mainly Roman Catholic with 76.3% adherents, Evangelical 13.7%, Jehovah witness 1.3% other Protestants 0.7%, other religion 4.8% with 3.2% of the population adhering to no faith. The country has a high dependency ratio of 45.4% and a poverty rate of 20%. The population growth rate is at 1.19% with 15.7 births/1000 population and a death rate of 4.6 deaths/1000 people. Maternal mortality rate is at 25deaths/100,000 live births and infant mortality rate is at 8.3 deaths/1000 live births. The life expectancy for males is 75.9 years while that of females is 81.4 years.

San José was founded around 1739 and is the largest city in Costa Rica with a population of 309,612. San José is located in the central valley, in the province of San Jose and serves as the capital of Costa Rica with national government offices located here. The city is an important economic and political center in Costa Rica.

2. Limón (Puerto Limón)

Limon is the capital city of Limon province founded in 1870. The city has a total population of 55,667 people who are from various cultures making the city a multicultural urban center in Costa Rica. The city is composed of Afro-Caribbean who speaks Spanish and Limonese Creole. Limon has two main ports through which most of the Costa Rican exports are shipped.

3. San Francisco

San Francisco is a district located in Heredia province with a population of 40,840 people making it the largest in Heredia province. San Francisco is mainly a residential and industrial town and has some of the famous motels.

4. Cinco Esquinas

Cinco Esquinas is located in San Jose province within Tibás district and has a population of 36,627. Cinco Esquinas covers an area of 0.66km² with an altitude of 1158m above sea level.

5. Desamparados

Desamparados is a city in San Jose province with a population of 36,437and it is also the name of the district that includes the city. It is in the southern part of the capital city of San Jose. The city covers an area of 3.03km2. The city lies in an area with an elevation of 1,162 meters.

Problems Associated With The Biggest Cities In Costa Rica

The largest cities in Costa Rica are home to a large number of people who move to these cities in search of employment and educational opportunities. However, this population increase in the cities has led to a set of problems such as congestion, increased crime rates, and violence. The rapid population growth in the country is likely to put a strain on the natural resources and decreased employment opportunities. Transport routes especially roads are faced with an influx of traffic slowing down movement from one place to another and increasing the chances of traffic accidents. Poverty rates in the country have led to increased crime rate and violence thus undermining the general security of the Costa Ricans. Congestion of people in the town has resulted in shortages of accommodation facilities and water. Other important cities in Costa Rica include Liberia, Puntarenas, San Vicente, Barranca, and Curridabat.

Which Are The Biggest Cities Of Costa Rica?

RankNameProvincePopulation
1San JoséSan José309,672
2Limón (Puerto Limón)Limón55,667
3AlajuelaAlajuela42,889
4San FranciscoHeredia40,840
5Cinco EsquinasSan José36,627
6DesamparadosSan José36,437
7LiberiaGuanacaste34,469
8PuntarenasPuntarenas32,460
9San VicenteSan José31,693
10BarrancaPuntarenas31,386
11CurridabatSan José30,316
12ParaísoCartago30,049
13San Isidro de El GeneralSan José28,527
14San José de AlajuelaAlajuela27,774
15PurralSan José26,767
16San PedroSan José26,524
17IpísSan José26,155
18San MiguelSan José25,691
19Aguacaliente (San Francisco)Cartago25,382
20San Juan (San Juan de Tibás)San José24,944
21TurrialbaCartago24,671
22CartagoCartago23,978
23GuadalupeSan José23,723
24QuesadaAlajuela23,331
25AserríSan José23,059
26San RafaelCartago22,592
27San Rafael AbajoSan José22,481
28San FelipeSan José22,267
29PatarráSan José21,374
30HerediaHeredia20,191
31San NicolásCartago20,171
32MercedesHeredia19,717
33Calle BlancosSan José19,411
34San RafaelSan José19,198
35ConcepciónSan José18,762
36Ulloa (Barrial)Heredia17,747
37TejarCartago17,746
38PatalilloSan José17,731
39San PabloHeredia17,519
40CañasGuanacaste16,512
41San AntonioSan José16,072
42Mata de PlátanoSan José15,926
43GraviliasSan José15,846
44TirrasesSan José15,826
45GuápilesLimón15,723
46San RafaelAlajuela15,596
47SiquirresLimón15,259
48San DiegoCartago15,132
49San IsidroSan José14,830
50CarmenCartago14,385
51San Juan de DiosSan José13,786
52NicoyaGuanacaste13,334
53AlajuelitaSan José12,247

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