The population of the world has now surpassed 7 billion people, and it continues to increase at an alarming rate. Growth rates tend to vary from considerably from country to country, and, ironically, developing countries tend to experience higher rates of growth despite lower accessibility to financial resources. Rapid population growth in impoverished nations presents unique obstacles as they strive for prosperity. Elevated rates of growth in such countries also places a heightened burden on their governments, as they try to stretch their finite resources and infrastructure. Reasoning behind these countries’ fast rates of population growth can be attributed to a number of factors, both external and internal.
A greater numbers of births than deaths results in what is known as “natural” growth. Such growth is affected by war, contraceptive measures and abortion, the distribution of the population among age groups, and life expectancy at birth. Immigration and emigration are also significant contributors to the population changes within a country as well.
During the 2014 calendar year, statistics indicated that the country of Lebanon had a population increase of 9.37% as compared to the year before. This rate of growth positioned this Middle Eastern country within the top spot globally in terms of possessing the fastest population growth rate among any nation that year.
Currently, the world’s population totals an estimated 7 billion-plus people, with more than half of that population residing on the continent of Asia. Another quarter of the population inhabits the continent of Africa, where the East African nation of Ethiopia garnered a population growth of 2.89% in 2014. The population growth within the two continents has been a consequence of concurrent rise in the median age of the population, declines in infant and total mortality rates, and high fertility rates which, although declining, are still far above the replacement rate in many of these areas.
According to most likely scenarios forecast by projections from the UN and other international organizations compiling demographic statistics, the world’s population will increase by around an astounding 4 billion inhabitants between now and the welcoming of the year 2100. This growth is said to be a result of people living longer, healthier lives amidst improved living conditions. Today, three of the five most populous countries in the world can be found within Asia, with India projected to surpass China as the most populous country in the not-too-distant future. The fact that the country of Lebanon boasts the highest level of population growth is largely attributable to decreased infant mortality rates there. This growth has also been enhanced by the country’s ever expanding tourism sector which, along with influxes of refugees from neighboring countries, has made rates of net migration into Lebanon by far the highest in any country on the planet.
The country rounding out our top 20 is Yemen, who reported a 2014 growth of 2.72%. The second fastest growing population globally, residing within the country of Zimbabwe, registered an estimated growth of 4.36% in the 2014 calendar year. Most people assumed that the United States would have been among the countries at the top of the list in regards to population growth, but in actuality it is not within the top 10 at all. Experts believe that this is due in part to the abundance of contraceptive options available within the country, changes in migratory trends in and out of the nation, and increased education opportunities for women, when traditionally has coincided with reduced birth rates.
Population Growth By Country
- View information as a:
|3||South Sudan||4.12 %|
|11||Burkina Faso||3.05 %|
|13||Gaza Strip||2.91 %|
|15||Western Sahara||2.89 %|