Society

Fun Facts About Australia

Australia is a large country located in Oceania.

Rock art, which is indigenous to Australia, is the richest and oldest of all art movements. The country has a rich coffee culture, and flat white coffee is believed to have originated in the country sometime in the 1980s. Other interesting facts about the country are listed below.

  • There are 8,222 islands within the maritime borders of Australia.
  • Of all Oceanian countries, Australia is the largest.
  • The country is ranked sixth largest in the world in terms of total area.
  • The nation’s economy is ranked 13th largest globally.
  • Australia ranks second highest in the human development index.
  • The indigenous inhabitants of the country included about 250 language groups.
  • The continent of Australia was discovered by explorers of Dutch origin in 1606.
  • Initially, the country was known by the name New Holland.
  • The continent has been inhabited by human beings for about 50,000 years.
  • Discovery of gold in Australia prompted a gold rush in the country early in 1850s.
  • Before the creation of Canberra in 1927, Melbourne was the nation's capital.
  • The Great Barrier Reef in Queensland is the largest coral reef in the world.
  • The largest monolith worldwide is Mount Augustus, located in Western Australia.
  • Australia is the flattest and driest of all continents.
  • The continent’s soils are the oldest and least fertile in the world.
  • The summit of Mount Kosciuszko, with an elevation of 2,228 metres, is the country’s highest peak.
  • Australia’s population density of 2.8 people per kilometre square is one of the lowest in the world.
  • The country's per capita carbon dioxide emissions is among the highest worldwide.
  • The country is classified as mega-diverse, owing to its widely varied habitats.
  • The country has 755 species of reptiles, which is more than any other country.
  • Australia and Antarctica are the only continents that were not indigenously inhabited by feline species.
  • The country’s flora and fauna is largely unique, with a great endemic population comprising of 85% of all flowering plants, 89% of its inland fishes, 84% of the mammal population, and 45% of the bird species.
  • The governor general of Australia represents the Queen at national level, and governors hold a similar function at state/territorial level.
  • The country’s defence budget is the 13th largest in the world.
  • The country ranks fifth in the world on the Index of Economic Freedom.
  • During the 2008-2009 global economic recession, Australia was the only unaffected nation among its advanced economy counterparts.
  • 70% of the country’s GDP comes from the service sector.
  • The country is ranked fourth amongst the leading wine exporters.
  • 26% of the Australian people were born outside the country.
  • Australian Sign Language is called Auslan.
  • The country has no state religion.
  • The country records the highest rates of skin cancer in the world, and cigarette smoking is the leading avertable cause of death in Australia.

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