World Facts

African Countries By Population Density

With a population density of 624 inhabitants per square km, Mauritius is the most densely populated African nation.

Africa is the second largest continent based on population as well as area. The continent has an area of 11.7 million square miles and a population of 1.2 billion people. The continent has an average population density of 94 persons per square mile. However, the population density ranges across the 52 countries with Mauritius having the highest population density while Namibia has the lowest population density.

The Three Most Densely Populated Countries Of Africa

1. Mauritius

Mauritius is an island country located 1,200 miles off the African mainland and is comprised of four islands which include Mauritius, Rodrigues, Saint Brandon, and Agalega. Mauritius has a population of 1,264,000 where 1,219,265 reside in the main island of Mauritius. The country covers a total area of 790 square miles translating to a population density of 1,601.2 persons per square mile, the highest in Africa. The population density is attributed to the island nation’s small area.

2. Rwanda

Rwanda is a small landlocked country located in the central part of Africa bordering the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Burundi, and Tanzania. Rwanda is one of the smallest countries in the world covering an area of 10,169 square miles. Rwanda has a population of over 11 million people, translating to a population density of 1,152.5 persons per square mile, the second highest population density in Africa and the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of the population resides in the rural regions of the country with Rwanda having few large towns and its largest city, Kigali, having about 1 million residents.

3. Burundi

Burundi is a tiny African country located in the central part of the continent and borders Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Tanzania. Burundi also borders Lake Tanganyika on its southwestern region. Burundi covers a total area of 10,747 square miles and a population of 11.1 million people translating to the third highest population density in Africa of 1,040.1 persons per square mile. The population is predominantly rural with 87% of the population residing in the rural areas of the country.

The Three Least Densely Populated Countries Of Africa

1. Botswana

Botswana is a landlocked African country situated in the southern part of the continent. Botswana covers an area of 224,610 square miles with over 70% of the country being in the Kalahari Desert. The country is one of the least populous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa with a population of about 2.1 million people. With most of the country being arid, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world with a population density of 9.6 persons per square mile. The nation’s capital, Gaborone, is home to 10% of the total population.

2. Libya

Libya is an African country located in the northern part of the continent. Libya is bordered by The Mediterranean Sea, Algeria, Tunisia, Niger, Egypt, Sudan, and Chad. Libya is one of the largest countries in Africa covering an area of 679,362 square miles. The country is home to about 6.4 million people translating to a population density of 9.2 persons per square mile, the second lowest in Africa. The low population density is attributed to the remoteness of the country with a large percentage of the country being covered by desert.

3. Namibia

Namibia is an African country located on the south-western edge of the continent. Namibia covers an area of 318,772 square miles, making it one of the largest countries in southern Africa. However, the country has a tiny population of about 2.1 million people which translates to a population density of 6.6 persons per square mile, the lowest in Africa. The low population density is attributed to the arid nature of most of the country.

Future Projection Of The African Population

The total population in Africa is projected to grow by 2.4 billion in the next 33 years. This growth in population (and population density) is attributed to improved healthcare in the continent.

African Countries By Population Density

RankCountry or territoryDensity (inhabitants/km²)Area (km²)
1 Mauritius624.02,040
2 Rwanda440.826,338
3 Burundi401.727,830
4 Comoros363.12,170
5 Seychelles211.0455
6 Nigeria197.2923,768
7 São Tomé and Príncipe189.81,001
8 Gambia176.211,300
9 Uganda165.4236,040
10 Malawi145.3118,480
11 Cape Verde129.24,033
12 Togo128.656,785
13 Ghana114.5239,460
14 Benin96.6112,620
15 Egypt91.41,001,450
16 Sierra Leone89.971,740
17 Ethiopia88.21,127,127
18 Kenya79.0582,650
19 Senegal77.1196,190
20 Morocco77.0446,550
21 Swaziland74.117,363
22 Côte d'Ivoire70.4322,460
23 Lesotho70.330,355
24 Tunisia68.8163,610
25 Burkina Faso66.0274,200
26 Tanzania56.6945,087
27 Guinea51.3245,857
28 Guinea-Bissau51.136,120
29 Cameroon49.1475,440
30 South Africa44.71,219,912
31 Eritrea43.1121,320
32 Madagascar41.3587,040
33 Liberia40.4111,370
34 Zimbabwe39.9390,580
35 Djibouti38.623,000
36 Mozambique34.9801,590
37 Democratic Republic of the Congo32.92,345,410
38 Equatorial Guinea30.128,051
39 Sudan21.61,861,484
40 Zambia21.5752,614
41 Angola20.11,246,700
42 South Sudan19.2644,329
43 Somalia16.9637,657
44 Algeria16.72,381,740
45 Niger15.71,267,000
46 Mali14.21,240,000
47 Republic of the Congo13.5342,000
48 Chad10.91,284,000
49 Central African Republic7.9622,984
50 Gabon6.4267,667
51 Mauritania3.91,030,700
52 Botswana3.8600,370
53 Libya3.61,759,540
54 Namibia3.0825,418

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