- Status: An Australian external territory, claimed from Britain in 1958. It was discovered on Christmas Day, 1643, by Captain William Minors of the British East India Company, thus the name.
- Capital City: The Settlement "Flying Fish Cove"
- Climate: Hot, tropical conditions year round, but the weather can change rapidly when regional monsoons blow in from the northwest.
- Coordinates: 10°30 south, 105°40 east
- General Information: It's an isolated, quiet place, encircled by a coral reef that remains a popular diving destination, one rich in natural beauty and marine life.
- Location Description: 190 miles south of Jakarta, Indonesia, about 1,700 miles north of Perth, Australia, and about 2,100 miles southeast of Madras, India.
- Terrain: The island, volcanic in origin, is the summit of a submerged mountain. Steep sea cliffs surround most of the island, rising to a central plateau up to 361 meters high. A national park, complete with rainforest covers much of the available land space.
- Languages: English
- Official Currency: Australian Dollar
- Population: 2,415 (2010 est.)
- Land Area: 52.1 sq miles (135 sq km)
Trending on WorldAtlas
The Most Dangerous Cities in the World
The Largest Countries in the World
The Richest Countries In The World
The 10 Smallest Countries In The World
29 Largest Armies In The World
29 Most Obese Countries In The World
The Richest Countries In Africa
10 States With The Largest African-American Populations
10 Most Visited Countries In The World