- Status: An Australian external territory, claimed from Britain in 1958. It was discovered on Christmas Day, 1643, by Captain William Minors of the British East India Company, thus the name.
- Capital City: The Settlement "Flying Fish Cove"
- Climate: Hot, tropical conditions year round, but the weather can change rapidly when regional monsoons blow in from the northwest.
- Coordinates: 10°30 south, 105°40 east
- General Information: It's an isolated, quiet place, encircled by a coral reef that remains a popular diving destination, one rich in natural beauty and marine life.
- Location Description: 190 miles south of Jakarta, Indonesia, about 1,700 miles north of Perth, Australia, and about 2,100 miles southeast of Madras, India.
- Terrain: The island, volcanic in origin, is the summit of a submerged mountain. Steep sea cliffs surround most of the island, rising to a central plateau up to 361 meters high. A national park, complete with rainforest covers much of the available land space.
- Languages: English
- Official Currency: Australian Dollar
- Population: 2,415 (2010 est.)
- Land Area: 52.1 sq miles (135 sq km)