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Uspensky Cathedral, Helsinki
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Flags and Symbols
The current flag of Finland was officially adopted on May 29, 1918.
The off-centered blue cross is based on the Scandinavian Cross, a cross widely used on Sandinavian country flags. The blue color is symbolic of blue skies, and the thousands of lakes in Finland. The white represents the winter snows.
Large version here!
Coat of Arms
The original design first appeared in the 1580's on the monument of Gustav Vasa in Uppsala cathedral. It was later adopted by the newly independent Finland as its national arms in 1917.
The official description reads, "A crowned lion rampant on a red field holding a raised sword in an armoured hand replacing the animal's right front leg, and trampling a sabre with its hind legs; the lion, the crown, the hilts and the joints of the armour being in gold, and the blades of the weapons, and the armour itself being of silver; nine silver rosettes being scattered in the field."
National Anthem "Maamme" ("Our Land"); with lyrics written by Johan Ludvig Runeberg and music by Fredrik Pacius.
National Holiday December 6 (Independence Day) It's a national public holiday to celebrate Finland's declaration of independence from the Russian empire. The movement for Finland's Independence started after the 1917 revolutions in Russia. All other public holidays in Finland are listed here!
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