World Facts

The Deadliest Mass Shootings In History

The largest mass shooting to ever occur was the Garissa University College Attack, in Garissa, Kenya, in 2014. 148 victims perished in the attack.

Statistics show that the number of mass shooting victims has increased significantly over the past four decades. In fact, the term "mass shooting" has only emerged in recent decades.

When it comes to dealing with gun massacres, the United States is unique in a very unfortunate way. According to a new study, more public mass shootings occur in the U.S. than in any other country in the world. In fact, more than 90 mass shootings took place in the United States between 1966 and 2012. Mass shootings are defined as shooting events having four or more victims, and do not include slayings or gang killings which involve the death of multiple family members.

Notable Mass Shooting Events

On June 12, 2016, a gunman gunned down 49 people at a gay nightclub in Orlando, and is considered the deadliest mass shooting in the United States.

On December 4, 2012, a gunman in Newtown, Connecticut opened fire and killed 27 people, with 20 of these victims being children aged between 5 and 10 years old. The shooting took place at an elementary school, and the gunman committed suicide shortly thereafter.

On Friday afternoon, July 22, 2011, a 2,000-pound home-made fertilizer bomb was planted in a motor vehicle in the central area of Oslo, Norway. The bomb exploded at around 3:30pm local time, scattering debris and rocking Norway’s capital. It blew out the windows in proximate government offices, killing 8 people and wounding a dozen others. Rescuers and police quickly rushed to the scene to handle the situation and help out the survivors. Meanwhile, the attacker, Anders Behring Breivik, who had planned the bombing of the city ahead of time, headed for Utova, a small island that lies approximately 25 miles northwest of Oslo. At that time, a youth camp was being held by members of a Norwegian political party. Armed with an automatic rifle, he entered the grounds hosting the event and started shooting campers. He killed a total of 77 people.

In 1996, Martin Bryant entered a café on a historic penal colony site at Port Arthur in Tasmania, Australia. After taking his lunch, the 28-year old pulled out a semi-automatic rifle from his bag and started a shooting spree. By the time he was arrested the following morning, he had killed 35 people and wounded 23 others. The event made Bryant the worst mass-murderer in Australian history.

In April 2007, 23-year old Seung-Hui Cho murdered 32 people on the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University campus in Blacksburg, Virginia. He later took his own life, and the event lives in infamy as the “Virginia Tech Massacre”.

In a 14-hour shooting rampage, Genildo Ferreira de Franca, a former army soldier, terrorized Sao Gancalo do Amarante, a small town in the interior of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. In a systematic way, he left 17 people dead over the course of this personal vendetta. After the police surrounded him, he released his own five-year-old daughter and Valdenice Ribeiro da Silva, and then killed himself.

Future Outlook

Over the last five decades, mass shootings have become an important (and very controversial) issue for many developed countries having to deal with this terrible problem. According to a Gallup Survey was carried out in the U.S. in January of 2014, approximately 40 percent of the Unites States populace responded that they were completely satisfied with the gun laws in place at that time. Contrarily, 31 percent of the poll’s respondents stated that they were not content with the laws in place, and desired stricter firearms regulation.

The Deadliest Mass Shootings In History

RankName LocationYear Victims
1Garissa University College AttackGarissa, Kenya2,015148
2Peshawar School MassacrePeshawar, Pakistan2,014141
3November 2015 Paris AttacksParis, France2,015130
42011 Norway AttacksOslo, Norway2,01167
5Westgate Shopping Mall AttackNairobi, Kenya2,01367
62017 Las Vegas ShootingLas Vegas, Nevada, USA2,01758
7South Korea Shooting of 1982Uiryeong County, South Korea1,98256
82016 Orlando Nightclub ShootingOrlando, Florida, USA2,01649
9Sousse Beach Mass ShootingSousse, Tunisia2,01538
10Virginia Tech ShootingsBlacksburg, Virginia, USA2,00732
11Tian Mingjian IncidentBeijing, China1,99428
12Sandy Hook MassacreNewtown, Connecticut, USA2,01227
13Sutherland Springs Church ShootingSutherland Springs, Texas, USA 2,01726
14Kampala Wedding MassacreKampala, Uganda1,99426
15Port Arthur MasacrePort Arthur, Tasmania, Australia1,99625
16Luby's ShootingKillen, Texas, USA 1,99123
17San Ysidro McDonald's MassacreSan Ysidro, California, USA 1,98421
182015 Bamako Hotel AttackBamako, Mali2,01520
192010 Chihuahua ShootingsChihuahua, Mexico2,01019
20University of Texas Tower ShootingAustin, Texas, USA1,96618
21Dunblane MassacreDunblane, Scotland, UK1,99617
22Erfurt School MassacreErfurt, Germany2,00217
23Hungerford MassacreHungergord, Berkshire, UK1,98716
24Winneden School ShootingWinnenden, Germany2,00916
25Columbine High School MassacreColumbine, Colorado, USA1,99915
26Edmond Post Office ShootingEdmond, Oklahoma, USA1,98615
27Toulon France ShootingToulon, France1,99515
28Zug MassacreZug, Switzerland2,00114
29Luxiol MassacreLuxiol, France1,98914
302015 San Bernandino AttackSan Bernardino, California, USA2,01514
31École Polytechnique massacreMontreal, Quebec, Canada1,98914
32Pashupatinath Temple ShootingMandsaur, India1,98314
33Aramoana MassacreAramoana, New Zealand1,99013
34Fort Hood ShootingFort Hood, Texas, USA2,00913
35Binghamton ShootingsBinghamton, New York, USA2,00913
36Baku ShootingBaku, Azerbaijan2,00913
37Velika Ivanča ShootingVelika Ivanča, Serbia2,01313
38Kamwenge Trading Centre ShootingKamwenge, Uganda1,99413
39Aurora ShootingAurora, Colorado, USA2,01212
401999 Atlanta ShootingAtlanta, Georgia, USA1,99912
41Rio de Janeiro School ShootingRio de Janeiro, Brazil2,01112
42Campinas MassacreCampinas, Brazil2,01612
43Cumbria ShootingsCumbria, England, UK2,01012
44Charlie Hebdo ShootingParis, France2,01512
452011 Rio de Janeiro School ShootingRio de Janeiro, Brazil2,01112
46Washington Navy Yard ShootingWashington, D.C., USA2,01311
47Geneva County MassacreGeneva County, Alabama, USA2,00910
48Bombo ShootingBombo, Uganda2,01310
49Kauhajoki School ShootingKauhajoki, Finland2,00810

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