Cancer involves the abnormal cell growth which originates at particular tissues and organs of the body and metastasizes to various other body parts, ultimately resulting in organ failure and death. Treatment of cancer is possible in the early stages, but if diagnosed in the late stages, recovery of the patient is rare. Exposure to carcinogens like those present in tobacco smoke, carcinogens in food, exposure to radiation including long-term exposure to sunlight, genetic factors, some viral infections, etc., might result in cancer. The most common types of cancer reported are cervical cancer, breast cancer, anal cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, etc.
High Rates Of Cancer In The Developed World
Denmark tops the chart with 338.10 standardized age rate per 100,000 whereas France (Metropolitan) has 324.60, Australia 323.00, Belgium 321.10, Norway 318.30, United States of America 318.00 and many other countries also makes their place in the list. Denmark is known as the cancer capital of the world as this deadly disease affects the highest number of people. The reported numbers of cases are high in this country as doctors are able to diagnose it on the forefront as compared to other countries. The high rates of alcohol consumption and smoking increase the risk of cancer in this country. Other significant factors that facilitate the development of cancer include increased obesity rates and a sedentary lifestyle. Research indicates that the disease can be prevented to some extent if people start eating healthy food, perform exercises, stop smoking, and limit the alcohol consumption. The higher rates of cancer in the France metropolitan area are because of high exposure to carcinogenic chemicals, according to the reports published in the year 2000. Nearly 23.9% of cancer deaths reported in the recent years was related to smoking, 3.7% because of chronic infections and 6.9% of the deaths caused due to alcohol consumption. Other risk factors for cancer include obesity, unhealthy lifestyles, usage of exogenous hormones, and exposure to various pollutants, all of which add to the death rate. Australia has high cancer rates, and the primary cause is obesity among the natives. According to reports, Australia has one of the highest rates of prostate cancer, melanoma cancer, and breast cancer in the world. Here, one out of two males and one out of three females are predicted to develop this deadly disease by the age of 85.
The Steadily Increasing Numbers
There are almost 15 million cases of cancer reported each year, and the death rate has increased to around 15% in the present time in the developed nations. In the developed countries, availability of sophisticated diagnostic procedures, infrastructure, and funds, allows the efficient detection of cancer among the population of these countries. The data records are also well maintained by the medical institutions and better healthcare facilities for the cancer patients are available. The comparatively lower rates of cancer in the developing world could be related to the low rates of cancer diagnosis in the population and lack of sufficient records related to this disease. However, in the past few years, the rates of cancer have been rising steadily, both in the developed and the developing world. Increasing global pollution, loading the environment with carcinogenic chemicals, could play a significant role in this direction.
Countries With The Highest Rates Of Cancer
|Rank||Country||Age-Standardized Rate Per 100,000 (World)|
|6||United States of America||318.00|
|8||Republic of Korea||307.80|