Nothing is more haunting than a once-magnificent building that has been abandoned. While some abandoned buildings are well taken care of, some are completely run-down with their original appearance completely lost. Beneath the dust and rust on those abandoned buildings, there are stories of people who once lived in them and the events which characterized them. Often times, abandoned buildings are reclaimed by nature. Looking at the abandoned buildings, it often appears that the people or businesses who once inhabited them just picked and left. However, there are usually a variety of complicated factors that led to their decline.
10. Beelitz Military Hospital - Germany
Beelitz Military Hospital is a large hospital complex in Beelitz-Heilstatten, Germany. The hospital complex was built in 1898 and was originally designed as a sanatorium. It was turned into a military hospital at the beginning of the World War I for the Imperial Germany Army. Adolf Hitler recuperated at Beelitz Military Hospital between October and November 1916 after being wounded in the Battle of Somme. The hospital was occupied by the Red Army forces in 1945, and it remained a Soviet military hospital until 1955 after the reunification. The hospital was abandoned in 1994 giving its surroundings the feeling of a ghost town, making it a destination for curious visitors.
9. Battersea Power Sation - England
Battersea Power Station is a power station located in Battersea in South West London. The station is made up of two power stations constructed into a single building. The power station A was constructed in the 1930s while the power station B was built in the 1950s. The two stations have a similar design with four chimneys. Battersea Power Station ceased generating power in 1983 but has become a popular landmark in London. The station is notable for its lavish art deco interior design and is one of the largest brick houses in the world. It has remained largely unused since its closure with its condition deteriorating. However, redevelopment plans are currently in the works.
8. Canfranc Rail Station - Spain
Canfranc Rail Station was an international railway station at the end of Samport railway tunnel in Canfranc, Spain. The main building is 790 feet long and has over 300 windows and 156 doors. The Spanish began the construction of the station in 1923, and it was formally opened in 1928. The station includes a large locomotive depot and various other outbuildings. The operations at Canfranc Rail Station came to an abrupt end in 1970 when train derailment damaged a bridge on the French side. The French opted against the repair because of the financial burden at the time. The main building is currently in a state of despair and has been fenced off from the public.
7. Chateau Miranda - Belgium
Chateau Miranda is a 19th-century neo-Gothic castle in Namur, Belgium. It was built in 1866 by Edward Milner and completed in 1907 with the erection of the tower clock. Chateau Miranda was occupied by the descendants of the Liedekerke- De Beaufort until World War II. the German forces then occupied it during the Battle of Bulge. It was renamed to Chateau de Noisy by the National Railways Company of Belgium when it was turned into an orphanage and a camp for the sick children. Chateau Miranda was completely abandoned in 1991 because of the high cost of maintenance with the family refusing to sell it off. The building is slowly succumbing to decay with some of its parts heavily damaged by fire.
6. Olympic Bobsleigh and Luge Track - Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Sarajevo Olympic Bobsleigh and Luge Track is found on the Trebevic mountain which faces the Sarajevo. The lube track was constructed for the 1984 Winter Olympics with its construction completed in 1982. The track was used for the World Cup events after the completion of the Olympic Games. It was then used as artillery positioning by the Bosnia Serb forces during the Siege of Sarajevo resulting to its damage. The luge track was abandoned in 1991 at the start of Yugoslavia War with the war wounds still evident to date. The track has been undergoing renovation to be used for summer luge training and other sporting events.
5. Sanzhi Pod Houses - Taiwan
Sanzhi Pod Houses are sets of abandoned and never completed pod-shaped structures in New Taipei, Taiwan. The construction of the houses began in 1978, and the houses were intended to be vacation resorts. However, the construction work was stopped due to financial losses and several car accidents deaths and suicide during the construction work. Sanzhi Pod Houses were demolished in 2008 to create space for the redevelopment of the site into a tourist attraction.
4. Buffalo Central Terminal - United States
Buffalo Central Terminal was once a railroad station in Buffalo, active from 1929 to 1979. The station is a 17-story art deco style building which was designed for the New York Railroad. The station was always large throughout its history and served 200 trains daily. The station entered decline after the World War II. The passenger revenue generated by the station reduced greatly, and in 1966, parts of the station were demolished. The rise in the use of automobile contributed to the low revenues for the station. In 1979, the last train departed the station at 4 pm leading to its closure. Buffalo Central Terminal is now owned by Central Terminal Restoration Corporation which is determined to restore the terminal.
3. Michigan Central Station - United States
Michigan Central Station was a passenger intercity rail depot for Michigan. It was built to replace the depot in Detroit which was shuttered by fire in 1913. Michigan Central Station remained in service from 1914 to January 1988 at the cessation of the Amtrak services. Minor renovation works have been done, but no substantial renovation of the building has taken place. The station has featured in several films including Transformers, the Island, and Batman V Superman. The owners of Michigan Central Station are finding it difficult to renovate the building without the idea of what it will be used for.
2. Buzludzha - Bulgaria
Buzludzha is located in Central Balkan Mountains in Bulgaria. It is a monument to the the site of the final battle between the Bulgarian Rebels in 1868. The communist regime built the monument with its construction beginning in 1974 and its inauguration taking place in 1981. Buzludzha Monument characterizes a brutalist architectural style common among communist-era buildings. The monument was abandoned in 1989 and has since fallen into disuse with most of its parts vandalized and heavily damaged. The monument has been closed to the public due to the dangers of falling objects at the main entrance of the building.
1. Maunsell Sea Forts - England
Maunsell Sea Forts were built in Themes and Mersey estuaries during World War II to help in defense of the UK and to deter the German air raids. They were named after their designer, Guy Maunsell, and acted as naval forts. The Maunsell Sea Forts were joined above the sealine by steel platform decks which also acted as gun decks. The forts were later used for other activities after the 1950s including pirate radio broadcasting. The forts were destroyed by the Royal Engineers in 1967 to prevent further broadcasting since they were considered unsafe for any activity. The forts have featured in several films including Danger Man and Furry from the Deep.