- Personal ethics include all of our values and principles and primarily deal with the moral qualities of a person.
- Common ethics is a controversial subject as it is extremely hard to find ethical principles that the majority of people agree on.
- Professional ethics refer to the rules that are imposed on an employee of a particular company.
The simplest way to define ethics would be as a system of moral principles. Ethics plays a large role in determining how people lead their lives and make important decisions. The main things ethics deal with are the wellbeing and good of everyone in the society, as well as society itself. There are multiple things ethics try to deal with.
Some of those include all of the ways a person can live a good life, the different responsibilities and rights of a member of the society, and the moral decisions that help us differentiate right from wrong. We have been exploring ethics for centuries, and what helped us form them are different cultures and philosophies, as well as religions. There are several different types of ethics, but the most common way we divide them is into personal, common, and professional ethics.
Personal ethics include all of our values and principles. They deal with the moral qualities of a person. Many things influence personal ethics, and they are formed and changed throughout our lives. Some of the most important factors include friends, family, culture, and education.
There are many things that fall into our personal ethics. A good example would be if a person believes that racism is wrong and that everyone has a right to an abortion if they desire to do so. This is something that was chosen by that individual and is considered morally right by them. Since racism is a vile way of thinking and looking at the world, people that are against it have adopted the right set of values, so to say. They were socialized in a way that allows them to see the evils of racism, and act against it.
This type of ethics is one everyone agrees on. It would be nice to say that being against racism is a value the entire society upholds, but it is not so. We all know that there are still parts of the world that are incredibly racist. This is why common ethics is a controversial subject. It is extremely hard to find ethics that the majority of people agree on, and many philosophers believe that common ethics do not actually exist.
However, there are always some extreme cases that we can say most people agree on. A good example would be murder seeing that most people would agree that it is wrong, which would make it common ethics. Another example could be the disapproval of incest, or cannibalism, something the majority of the world agrees on as well.
The third type is professional ethics, and these refer to the rules that are imposed on a company employee. They can also refer to rules that are imposed on an entire profession. A good example of the latter would be journalists and doctors. They both have specific rules that are somewhat common knowledge and those rules make up their professional ethics.
These rules are often imposed in many professional settings, where people expect you to do your job well. They mostly deal with different distractions that would influence your work habits negatively. Many different things can fall under this category, such as the fact that you are expected to be punctual at your workplace, or not to gossip.