|Land Area||1,279,996 km2|
|Water Area||5,220 km2|
|Total Area||1,285,216km2 (#19)|
|Government Type||Presidential Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$410.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$13,000|
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Peru's Pacific coastal areas are mostly dry and mild; the Andes are temperate in the foothills with frigid conditions at higher elevations, and the eastern lowlands are tropical, warm (often hot) and humid.
The most dramatic climate variations occur in the Andes, where in general terms, mornings are cold and afternoons warm. In the east, the lower levels of the mountains are tropical and experience heavy precipitation. In the higher altitudes the temperatures fall, and rainfall also decreases. In the far upper reaches of the Andes, the mountains are snow-capped, and temperatures cold.
Lima, located in Peru's coastal region, has somewhat cool winters with daily highs (June - August) in the low 50s. The daily high temperatures in Lima (January - March) approach the mid 80s, while (September - December) high temperatures rise into the low 60s.
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