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Australia History Timeline

2000s continued

  • (2003) Bushfires raged through New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania; ravaged capital city of Canberra destroyed over 500 homes
  • (2003) Australia headed peacekeeping force in Solomon Islands in attempt to restore order
  • (2004) Bomb exploded outside Australia Embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia killed nine
  • (2004) Death of Aboriginal teenager set off race riots in Sydney
  • (2004) Government announced a multi-million dollar cruise missile program
  • (2004) Prime Minister John Howard reelected to fourth term
  • (2005) Bushfires in South Australia killed nine
  • (2005) 150 special forces troops deployed to Afghanistan to counter rebel attacks
  • (2005) 16 people charged with planning terrorist attacks in Melbourne and Sydney
  • (2005) Race riots held in Cronulla, suburb of Sydney
  • (2006) Australian troops deployed to East Timor to help stabilize country
  • (2006) Australia, East Timor signed agreement to divide billions of dollars in expected revenues from oil, gas deposits in Timor Sea
  • (2006) Government slashed economic growth forecasts due to severe droughts which caused slump in farming production
  • (2007) Landslide victory for Opposition Labor Party, Kevin Rudd elected Prime Minister
  • (2007) Australian forces brought home from East Timor
  • (2007) Sydney hosted APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) summit meeting
  • (2008) Government apologized to indigenous population for past wrongs committed
  • (2008) Policy of holding asylum seekers in detention until visas cleared was abandoned
  • (2008) Quentin Bryce became Australia's first woman governor-general
  • (2009) Bushfires in Victoria killed more than 170 people
  • (2009) Plans to double submarine fleet and the purchase of 100 U.S. stealth fighters for a military modernization programs were announced
  • (2009) Rallies in protest against violent attacks against Indian students were held
  • (2010) Prime Minister Kevin Rudd resigned; Julia Gillard became prime minister
  • (2011) Queensland experienced severe flooding - most expensive natural disaster in Australia's history
  • (2011) Ash cloud from Chilean volcano grounded air traffic, stranded passengers
  • (2011) Construction and mining grew economy faster than expected in third quarter
  • (2012) Carbon tax penalizing large polluters went into effect
  • (2012) Rising numbers of asylum seekers prompted government to send first group for processing in Nauru; also signed agreement with Papau New Guinea for offshore processing on Manus Island
  • (2013) High winds and record hot temperatures fanned fires in southeast Australia
2000s continued
  • (2013) Police arrested three men in largest-ever seizure of methamphetamine drug hidden in shipment from southern China
  • (2013) Prime Minister Gillard forced into making major cabinet reorganization, supporters of former Prime Minister Rudd were ousted
  • (2013) Adam Scott became first Australian to win Masters Golf Tournament

Australia's Information

Flag of Australia
Land Area 7,682,300 km2
Water Area 58,920 km2
Total Area 7,741,220km2 (#6)
Population 22,992,654 (#56)
Population Density 2.99/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Democracy (Federal Parliament) Under A Constitutional Monarchy; A Commonwealth Realm
GDP (PPP) $1,190.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $48,800
Currency Dollar (AUD)
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Australia territories, states & their capitals

Region Capital Quick Reference
Australian Capital Territory Canberra Australian Capital Territory
New South Wales Sydney New South Wales
Northern Territory Darwin Northern Territory
Queensland Brisbane Queensland
South Australia Adelaide South Australia
Tasmania Hobart Tasmania
Victoria Melbourne Victoria
Western Australia Perth Western Australia

States & Territories of Australia