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Wisconsin Description

In the early 1840's, as settlements continued to be built, and farmland developed, the population exceeded 150,000 inhabitants. The territory applied for statehood; a constitution was drafted. and on May 29, 1848, Wisconsin was admitted to the Union as the 30th state.

With statehood for Wisconsin, the remaining portion of the original Wisconsin Territory was officially dissolved and incorporated into the Minnesota Territory in 1849.

Statehood brought economic growth, mostly fueled by Wisconsin's expanding railroad network. By 1860, railroads crisscrossed the state, enabling the continuing development of the mining industry (and others) as Wisconsin businesses could (now) ship their products across America, and beyond.

During America's Civil War (1861-1865), Wisconsin remained a member of the Union, and over 90,000 of its men marched off to war. Although Wisconsin was detached from the hostilities, its soldiers participated in many battles of that bloody war, and nearly 4,000 of its bravest were killed in action.

wisconsin cowWhile southern states suffered economically during the Civil War's reconstruction period, Wisconsin was quickly on an economic upswing. Its wheat farmers were productive and the meatpacking and beer-brewing industries in Milwaukee were expanding rapidly.

When immigrants from Europe (especially those from Scandinavia) arrived in large numbers, their knowledge of cheese-making techniques helped propel the state into prominence, and it became the leading producer of dairy products in the United States.

In the densely-forested northern regions of the state, logging and lumber industries were growing fast, and by the 1870's, lumbering was Wisconsin's most important industry; huge paper mills opened, and dozens of wood related business provided new jobs.

The tragic events of World War I (1914-1918) certainly slowed Wisconsin's economic boom, but it was the Great Depression (1929-1939) that played real havoc, especially in the industrialized Milwaukee area.

World War II (1939-1945) was a comeback of sorts for Wisconsin as the state participated aggressively in producing products for that war effort; shipbuilding proved a major catalyst for new jobs and many spinoff businesses. Later in the century high-tech and service industries rose to prominence, and Milwaukee's beer business exploded with growth.

green bay packersKnown for its natural beauty, clear (clean) lakes and rivers, and endless green forests, Wisconsin is also famous for its cultural attractions, and of course, Harley-Davidson Motorcycles, and the Green Bay Packers.

Wisconsin is one of the most popular vacation destinations in America's Midwest. It offers fabulous family vacation choices - spring, summer, fall or winter. Yes, winter, as those colder months bring exceptional hunting, ice fishing, skating, skiing and snowmobiling conditions to many areas of the state.

Wisconsin Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Friendship Adams 608
Ashland Ashland 715
Rice Lake Barron 715
Washburn Bayfield 715
Green Bay Brown 920
Mondovi Buffalo 715
Grantsburg Burnett 715
Chilton Calumet 920
Chippewa Falls Chippewa 715
Neillsville Clark 715
Portage Columbia 608
Prairie du Chien Crawford 608
Madison Dane 608
Beaver Dam Dodge 920
Sturgeon Bay Door 920
Superior Douglas 715
Menomonie Dunn 715
Eau Claire Eau Claire 715
Florence Florence 715
Fond du Lac Fond du Lac 920
Crandon Forest 715
Platteville Grant 608
Monroe Green 608
Berlin Green Lake 920
Dodgeville Iowa 608
Hurley Iron 715
Black River Falls Jackson 715
Watertown Jefferson 920
Mauston Juneau 608
Kenosha Kenosha 262
Luxemburg Kewaunee 920
La Crosse La Crosse 608
Darlington Lafayette 608
Antigo Langlade 715
Merrill Lincoln 715
Manitowoc Manitowoc 920
Wausau Marathon 715
Marinette Marinette 715
Montello Marquette 608
Keshena Menominee 715
Milwaukee Milwaukee 414
Sparta Monroe 608
Oconto Oconto 920
Rhinelander Oneida 715
Appleton Outagamie 920
Mequon Ozaukee 262
Durand Pepin 715
River Falls Pierce 715
Amery Polk 715
Stevens Point Portage 715
Phillips Price 715
Racine Racine 262
Richland Center Richland 608
Janesville Rock 608
Ladysmith Rusk 715
Hudson Saint Croix 715
Baraboo Sauk 608
Hayward Sawyer 715
Shawano Shawano 715
Sheboygan Sheboygan 920
Medford Taylor 715
Arcadia Trempealeau 608
Viroqua Vernon 608
Eagle River Vilas 715
Whitewater Walworth 262
Spooner Washburn 715
West Bend Washington 262
Waukesha Waukesha 262
Waupaca Waupaca 715
Wautoma Waushara 920
Oshkosh Winnebago 920
Wisconsin Rapids Wood 715

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on November 22, 2017.