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South Carolina

South Carolina Description

plantation With Columbia ablaze, plantations in ruins and over 20% of its white male population dead, South Carolina was devastated. Once dominant whites were now without money and power, and newly freed black slaves by the thousands flooded into the fragmented social system.

During the long reconstruction period southern states were all placed under military control, and African Americans were thrust into (once unthinkable) prominent roles. Regardless, much of the white population wanted no part of it, and newly liberated blacks fought hard to keep their new status.

Racial attitudes and prejudices unfortunately formed groups like the Ku Klux Klan, groups that attempted to frighten blacks through vocal hatred, intimidation and violence. White power reforms peaked in the 1890's, and many schools and public places were again segregated.

By the dawn of the 20th century, the state was on the road to economic recovery. The textile industry led the way, and new railroads helped South Carolina attract additional industries, thus new jobs and continued economic growth.

hen, in 1929, America's stock market crashed, the Great Depression took a strong hold, and South Carolina and all southern states would suffer once again. During that Great Depression the price of cotton (almost unbelievably) bottomed-out at 5 cents a pound.

World War II sparked an economic boom of sorts as war-related industries built new plants in South Carolina, and even though unemployment levels began to fall for blacks and whites, and things were looking up, debilitating racial tensions continued.

In the 1960's (finally) blacks and forward-thinking people across the south celebrated the success of the hard fought civil rights movement. Discrimination and segregation ended, and all of the state's citizens, to their credit, came together.

hurricane hugo Frequently the target of tropical cyclones, on September 21, 1989, Hurricane Hugo, the most powerful hurricane to that date struck South Carolina. The state suffered extensive damage, especially along the coastal islands; bridges and homes were washed away, and the storm surge pushed boats 50 miles inland.

As an aggressive and resilient player in both America's past and present, this somewhat small state is renown for its antebellum homes, historical sites and southern style, especially in the aesthetically pleasing harbor city of Charleston.

Add hundreds of coastal islands and beaches, over 300 golf courses, wilderness areas, watersports of all description, and some of the country's most popular NASCAR events, and South Carolina is understandably a mecca for travelers throughout the year.

South Carolina Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Abbeville Abbeville 864
Aiken Aiken 803
Allendale Allendale 803
Anderson Anderson 864
Bamberg Bamberg 803
Barnwell Barnwell 803
Beaufort Beaufort 843
Goose Creek Berkeley 843
Saint Matthews Calhoun 803
Charleston Charleston 843
Gaffney Cherokee 864
Chester Chester 803
Cheraw Chesterfield 843
Manning Clarendon 803
Walterboro Colleton 843
Hartsville Darlington 843
Dillon Dillon 843
Summerville Dorchester 843
North Augusta Edgefield 803
Winnsboro Fairfield 803
Florence Florence 843
Georgetown Georgetown 843
Greenville Greenville 864
Greenwood Greenwood 864
Estill Hampton 803
Myrtle Beach Horry 843
Ridgeland Jasper 843
Camden Kershaw 803
Lancaster Lancaster 803
Laurens Laurens 864
Bishopville Lee 803
Lexington Lexington 803
Marion Marion 843
Bennettsville Marlboro 843
McCormick McCormick 864
Newberry Newberry 803
Seneca Oconee 864
Orangeburg Orangeburg 803
Easley Pickens 864
Columbia Richland 803
Saluda Saluda 864
Spartanburg Spartanburg 864
Sumter Sumter 803
Union Union 864
Kingstree Williamsburg 843
Rock Hill York 803

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.