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Ohio Description

During the War of 1812, fought mainly over trade restriction imposed on the United States by Great Britain, Ohio played an important role. During that war the United States Navy engaged Great Britain's Royal Navy in the Battle of Lake Erie. Fought in the Bass Islands to the north of Sandusky, the U.S. won a convincing victory, and thus controlled the lake for the duration.

In the early 19th century Ohio's transportation system of roads and canals began to reach beyond its established river-traffic routes. New York's Erie Canal connected the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean, giving Ohio a road to the marketplaces of the world. In short order new railroads crossed the state, and industrial expansion soon followed.

During America's Civil War (1861-1865), the State of Ohio played a key role in providing troops, military officers, and supplies to the Union army. As nearly 320,000 of its men marched off to war, Ohio was spared the bloody battles witnessed by other states, and yet, 7,000 of its soldiers were killed in action.

sherman Of both political and military note, several of the war's most influential generals were Ohio natives, including Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, and Philip H. Sheridan. In addition to Ulysses S, Grant, four (Ohio-born) Civil War officers would later serve as the President of the United States; James A. Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, Rutherford B. Hayes and William McKinley.

And speaking of Presidents, William Henry Harrison, America's 9th President, although born in Virginia - lived in Ohio when elected. In the early 20th century, the state's political influence expanded as Ohioans William Howard Taft, and Warren G. Harding both served as President of the United States.

In the late 1800's, Ohio's industrial base developed rapidly due to the state's central location, extensive river networks and access to the Great Lakes. Automobile parts, coal, iron ore, steel and petroleum products soon moved through port cities fronting Lake Erie, and Cleveland and Toledo exploded into prominence.

Ohio in the 21st Century: Challenges, Milestones, Rebirth

With manufacturing giants like the United States Steel Corporation, Goodrich Tire and Rubber and Standard Oil based in Ohio, the state's economy was crushed by the Great Depression that began in 1929. Adding insult to injury, labor strikes (especially in the steel industry) further crippled the state.

us steel Like most other U.S. States, World War II also revived the prosperity and pride of Ohio. To support the war effort manufacturing industries opened factories across the state, thousands of jobs became available, and Ohio was once again in a prominent position.

Much of that prosperity ended in the latter part of the 20th century as its northern industrial centers all but closed; the massive steel industry shutdown plant after plant; the worldwide market for coal faded away, and unemployment reached record levels.

Ohio Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
West Union Adams 937
Lima Allen 419
Ashland Ashland 419
Ashtabula Ashtabula 440
Athens Athens 740
Wapakoneta Auglaize 419
Saint Clairsville Belmont 740
Florence Boone 859
Mount Orab Brown 937
Hamilton Butler 513
Carrollton Carroll 330
Urbana Champaign 937
Springfield Clark 937
Loveland Clermont 513
Wilmington Clinton 937
Salem Columbiana 330
Coshocton Coshocton 740
Bucyrus Crawford 419
Cleveland Cuyahoga 216
Greenville Darke 937
Defiance Defiance 419
Delaware Delaware 740
Sandusky Erie 419
Lancaster Fairfield 740
Washington Court House Fayette 740
Columbus Franklin 614
Swanton Fulton 419
Gallipolis Gallia 740
Chardon Geauga 440
Dayton Greene 937
Cambridge Guernsey 740
Cincinnati Hamilton 513
Findlay Hancock 419
Kenton Hardin 419
Cadiz Harrison 740
Napoleon Henry 419
Hillsboro Highland 937
Logan Hocking 740
Millersburg Holmes 330
Norwalk Huron 419
Jackson Jackson 740
Steubenville Jefferson 740
Mount Vernon Knox 740
Mentor Lake 440
Ironton Lawrence 740
Newark Licking 740
Bellefontaine Logan 937
Lorain Lorain 440
Toledo Lucas 419
London Madison 740
Youngstown Mahoning 330
Marion Marion 740
Medina Medina 330
Pomeroy Meigs 740
Celina Mercer 419
Troy Miami 937
Woodsfield Monroe 740
Dayton Montgomery 937
McConnelsville Morgan 740
Mount Gilead Morrow 419
Zanesville Muskingum 740
Caldwell Noble 740
Port Clinton Ottawa 419
Paulding Paulding 419
Thornville Perry 740
Circleville Pickaway 740
Waverly Pike 740
Kent Portage 330
Eaton Preble 937
Ottawa Putnam 419
Mansfield Richland 419
Chillicothe Ross 740
Fremont Sandusky 419
Portsmouth Scioto 740
Tiffin Seneca 419
Sidney Shelby 937
Canton Stark 330
Akron Summit 330
Warren Trumbull 330
New Philadelphia Tuscarawas 330
Marysville Union 937
Van Wert Van Wert 419
McArthur Vinton 740
Mason Warren 513
Marietta Washington 740
Wooster Wayne 330
Bryan Williams 419
Perrysburg Wood 419
Upper Sandusky Wyandot 419

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.