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North Carolina

North Carolina Description

confederate flag Riches gained from the endless toil of black slaves in the southern states was certainly a controversial front-burner issue between North and South. Though North Carolina had few slaves when compared to others, it followed South Carolina, seceded from the union on May 20, 1861, and joined the Confederacy. America's Civil War soon followed, a war that would eventually all but destroy the southern states.

Significant battles occurred in North Carolina, and it reportedly supplied more men and more materials to the Confederate cause than any other state. In the end this once peaceful and prosperous place was in ruins, and in the end, it sadly suffered more dead than any other southern state.

During the lengthy reconstruction period southern states were all placed under military control. After North Carolina approved a new constitution outlawing slavery, it was readmitted to the Union on June 25, 1868.

andrew johnson Following the tragic assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson from North Carolina assumed that high office and served as America's 17th President (1865-1869). During his term he helped bring hydro-electric power to the state, and the resurgence of its tobacco industry.

North Carolina was the site of one of man's most important events, as the modern aviation industry was born here when the Wright Brother's (Orville and Wilbur) made the first successful powered flight (by man) at Kill Devil Hill near Kitty Hawk in 1903.

By the mid-1920's tobacco production, furniture manufacturing and textile industries propelled the local economy into a nation-leading position in many areas. Then, in 1929, America's stock market crashed, the Great Depression took a strong hold, and North Carolina and all southern states would suffer once again.

In the 1930's, much-needed government social programs, new dams and roads, and dramatically reduced taxes brought spurts of growth. World War II continued that spark as war-related industries built new plants in North Carolina, and high unemployment levels began to fall, for blacks and whites alike.

Festering racial tensions peaked here in 1960 when black students in Greensboro refused to leave a Whites-only lunch counter. Their efforts and the on-going Civil Rights movement across the south forced the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as the U.S. Government banned the segregation of public places and schools. In the 1970's, schools across North Carolina were finally integrated.

North Carolina established the Research Triangle Park in the Raleigh/Durham area in the 1950's. Anchored by Duke University, North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina, this trend-setting collaboration between educational facilities, governmental organizations and high-tech businesses achieved great success. That acclaimed cooperative research concept continues today across the state, and specifically in the new North Carolina Research Campus.

North Carolina is also home to some of the most stunning scenery in America, including the Cape Hatteras National Seashore, and the nation's busiest national park, the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

blue ridge mountains North Carolina's geography and topography provides residents and visitors an unparalleled selection of recreational activities, including some of the best freshwater and saltwater fishing venues anywhere. In addition there's a wide variety of biking, boating, camping, hiking, sailing and skiing opportunities, and when you add historic sites, lighthouses, professional sports, theme parks, and much, much more to that mix, well, the beautiful State of North Carolina is certainly worth a postcard, or two.

North Carolina Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Burlington Alamance 336
Taylorsville Alexander 828
Sparta Alleghany 336
Wadesboro Anson 704
West Jefferson Ashe 336
Newland Avery 828
Washington Beaufort 252
Windsor Bertie 252
Elizabethtown Bladen 910
Leland Brunswick 910
Asheville Buncombe 828
Morganton Burke 828
Concord Cabarrus 704
Lenoir Caldwell 828
Camden Camden 252
Newport Carteret 252
Yanceyville Caswell 336
Hickory Catawba 828
Chapel Hill Chatham 919
Murphy Cherokee 828
Edenton Chowan 252
Hayesville Clay 828
Shelby Cleveland 704
Whiteville Columbus 910
New Bern Craven 252
Fayetteville Cumberland 910
Moyock Currituck 252
Kill Devil Hills Dare 252
Lexington Davidson 336
Mocksville Davie 336
Wallace Duplin 910
Durham Durham 919
Rocky Mount Edgecombe 252
Winston Salem Forsyth 336
Louisburg Franklin 919
Gastonia Gaston 704
Gates Gates 252
Robbinsville Graham 828
Oxford Granville 919
Snow Hill Greene 252
Greensboro Guilford 336
Roanoke Rapids Halifax 252
Dunn Harnett 910
Waynesville Haywood 828
Hendersonville Henderson 828
Ahoskie Hertford 252
Raeford Hoke 910
Engelhard Hyde 252
Mooresville Iredell 704
Sylva Jackson 828
Clayton Johnston 919
Trenton Jones 252
Sanford Lee 336
Kinston Lenoir 252
Lincolnton Lincoln 704
Franklin Macon 828
Marshall Madison 828
Williamston Martin 252
Marion McDowell 828
Charlotte Mecklenburg 704
Spruce Pine Mitchell 828
Troy Montgomery 910
Pinehurst Moore 910
Rocky Mount Nash 252
Wilmington New Hanover 910
Garysburg Northampton 252
Jacksonville Onslow 910
Chapel Hill Orange 919
Bayboro Pamlico 252
Elizabeth City Pasquotank 252
Hampstead Pender 910
Hertford Perquimans 252
Roxboro Person 336
Greenville Pitt 252
Tryon Polk 828
Asheboro Randolph 336
Rockingham Richmond 910
Lumberton Robeson 910
Reidsville Rockingham 336
Salisbury Rowan 704
Forest City Rutherford 828
Clinton Sampson 910
Laurinburg Scotland 910
Albemarle Stanly 704
King Stokes 336
Mount Airy Surry 336
Bryson City Swain 828
Brevard Transylvania 828
Columbia Tyrrell 252
Monroe Union 704
Henderson Vance 252
Raleigh Wake 919
Cary Wake 919
Warrenton Warren 252
Plymouth Washington 252
Boone Watauga 828
Goldsboro Wayne 919
North Wilkesboro Wilkes 336
Wilson Wilson 252
Yadkinville Yadkin 336
Burnsville Yancey 828
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.