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Louisiana Description

Louisiana Today

You know you've entered Louisiana when you hear that languid, poetic drawl, and everything just seems to slow down a pace or two. It's time then to kick back for a bit of southern hospitality, a lazy day of cat fishing, and a bowl of spicy gumbo.

jazzThe ethnically diverse state of Louisiana is home to the proud Cajun and Creole cultures. As described above, the Cajuns are descendents of Canadian Arcadians and have their own language that mixes English and French Canadian into something completely different!

Cajun and Creole culture have thankfully produced some of the finest cooking on the planet. A Louisiana vacation is not complete without a hearty sampling of the local gumbo, catfish, crayfish, and hot sauce. Even if taking a month long holiday in New Orleans, you can visit a new restaurant three times a day, every day, and still have plenty more on the list to try.

The term 'Creole' originally described the descendents of white men and black slave women, or women of mixed heritage that were often freed by their lovers or fathers. In today's Louisiana Creole refers to those who are a mix of French, African, Native American, and Spanish heritage that were born and raised in the local Creole culture.

The state of Louisiana is bordered in the west by Texas, the north by Arkansas, the east by Mississippi, and in the south by the bountiful Gulf of Mexico. In northern Louisiana, rolling hills are crisscrossed by the Red River, as it flows through the state from the northwest to southeast. Louisiana however, is also famously defined by the Mississippi River Delta and the coastal plains. The delta and resulting bayous and swamps cover the majority of Southern Louisiana. Both New Orleans and Baton Rouge are located in this region on the banks of the river.

Louisiana is home to gas and oil refineries, with hundreds of platforms located just offshore in the Gulf of Mexico. The state is also known for the quality and variety of its shrimp, crabs, and crayfish found in the saltwater tidal flats, and for the tasty catfish of the Louisiana Bayous. Both of these industries were hit hard by Hurricane Katrina, and both now are doing well again.

Tourism is a major industry in Louisiana, and no event is more important than New Orleans's Mardi Gras, as hundreds of thousands of revelers descend on the city each year for a fabulous festival of food, drink and merry making.

louisiana rebirthMusic in Louisiana means Cajun Zydeco in the country and hot Jazz in the city. The annual Essence Music Festival in July brings big names in R&B to New Orleans, like Beyonce, Usher, and Anita Baker.

The charming city of Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana and emanates southern style and grace. There you should visit both the new and Old State Capitol buildings and tour the gracious Magnolia Plantation for a wonderful taste of the Old South.

Louisiana Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Crowley Acadia 337
Oakdale Allen 318
Gonzales Ascension 225
Napoleonville Assumption 985
Marksville Avoyelles 318
Deridder Beauregard 337
Arcadia Bienville 318
Bossier City Bossier 318
Shreveport Caddo 318
Lake Charles Calcasieu 337
Columbia Caldwell 318
Hackberry Cameron 337
Jonesville Catahoula 318
Homer Claiborne 318
Ferriday Concordia 318
Mansfield De Soto 318
Baton Rouge East Baton Rouge 225
Lake Providence East Carroll 318
Jackson East Feliciana 225
Ville Platte Evangeline 337
Winnsboro Franklin 318
Pollock Grant 318
New Iberia Iberia 337
Plaquemine Iberville 225
Jonesboro Jackson 318
Metairie Jefferson 504
Jennings Jefferson Davis 337
Jena La Salle 318
Lafayette Lafayette 337
Thibodaux Lafourche 985
Ruston Lincoln 318
Denham Springs Livingston 225
Tallulah Madison 318
Bastrop Morehouse 318
Natchitoches Natchitoches 318
New Orleans Orleans 504
Monroe Ouachita 318
Belle Chasse Plaquemines 985
New Roads Pointe Coupee 225
Alexandria Rapides 318
Coushatta Red River 318
Rayville Richland 318
Many Sabine 318
Chalmette Saint Bernard 504
Destrehan Saint Charles 985
Greensburg Saint Helena 225
Vacherie Saint James 225
Opelousas Saint Landry 337
Breaux Bridge Saint Martin 337
Morgan City Saint Mary 985
Slidell Saint Tammany 985
La Place St John the Baptist 985
Hammond Tangipahoa 985
Newellton Tensas 318
Houma Terrebonne 985
Farmerville Union 318
Abbeville Vermilion 337
Leesville Vernon 337
Bogalusa Washington 985
Minden Webster 318
Port Allen West Baton Rouge 225
Oak Grove West Carroll 318
Saint Francisville West Feliciana 225
Winnfield Winn 318

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.