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Kentucky Description

Slavery and States' Rights long fueled the desire for independence across the south and those issues were the primary catalyst for America's bloody Civil War (1861–1865); the deadliest war in American history. It caused 620,000 soldier deaths and an undetermined number of civilian casualties..

jeff davis Ironically, Kentucky was the birthplace of the Union president, Abraham Lincoln, and the Confederate president, Jefferson Davis. Regardless, strong feelings on both sides of the slavery issue, and their conflicting loyalties would tear the state apart.

As that war began Kentucky openly stated its neutrality, and asked (warned) the Union and the Confederacy not to invade. Undaunted, Confederate forces invaded and Frankfort was the only Union capital occupied by Confederate troops. With the Union Blue in hot pursuit, Kentucky witnessed several bloody engagements, including a battle near Perryville in 1862 where 1,600 died and 5,400 were wounded.

The war's Reconstruction Period was the most contentious chapter in the history of Kentucky. During an 1865 election, the state rejected the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution (all in part) officially abolishing and prohibiting slavery, and promoting civil rights for all citizens. Shortly thereafter, the Ku Klux Klan surfaced in the state and violence against blacks continued.

In the years that followed, positive efforts favoring equal citizenship for blacks and women's suffrage surfaced in Kentucky, and across the deep south. Years later Kentucky passed the Kentucky Civil Rights Act, requiring equal employment and housing for all races.

On the economic front, the coal mining industry literally exploded into prominence in the eastern part of the state, and tobacco production increased dramatically. Though coal was in high demand during World War I, production declined dramatically after the war, and when the Great Depression (1929-1939) wreaked havoc across America, Kentuckians lost jobs by the thousands.

Similarly to Tennessee, the Great Depression of the 1930's also proved a turning point for Kentucky. Jobs were desperately needed, and during that Depression, the federal government created the TVA, or Tennessee Valley Authority. Its stated goal was to produce electricity for the rural areas, and subsequently dams were built along the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers in Kentucky. In that effort, much-needed highways were built throughout the state and new jobs were readily available.

During World War II (1939-1945), Kentucky businesses produced weapons for the war effort and supplied food products for the soldiers. By mid-century coal mines reached record production levels, and the TVA continued its efforts across the state. Eventually, the mining of vast coal deposits, oil and gas production, tobacco, and the state's natural tourism attributes put Kentucky back on the economic map to stay.

The Bluegrass State of Kentucky is home to a wide variety of beautiful state parks, unique festivals throughout the year, and many interesting historic sites. In addition, Kentucky is the world's undisputed center of thoroughbred horse breeding, and the home of the Kentucky Derby. It's also famous for its numerous championship college basketball teams, and of course, Kentucky Bourbon.

Kentucky Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Columbia Adair 270
Scottsville Allen 270
Lawrenceburg Anderson 502
Wickliffe Ballard 270
Glasgow Barren 270
Owingsville Bath 606
Middlesboro Bell 606
Florence Boone 859
Paris Bourbon 859
Ashland Boyd 606
Danville Boyle 859
Brooksville Bracken 606
Jackson Breathitt 606
Hardinsburg Breckinridge 270
Shepherdsville Bullitt 502
Morgantown Butler 270
Princeton Caldwell 270
Murray Calloway 270
Newport Campbell 859
Bardwell Carlisle 270
Carrollton Carroll 502
Grayson Carter 606
Liberty Casey 606
Hopkinsville Christian 270
Winchester Clark 859
Manchester Clay 606
Albany Clinton 606
Marion Crittenden 270
Burkesville Cumberland 270
Owensboro Daviess 270
Brownsville Edmonson 270
Sandy Hook Elliott 606
Irvine Estill 606
Lexington Fayette 859
Flemingsburg Fleming 606
Prestonsburg Floyd 606
Frankfort Franklin 502
Fulton Fulton 270
Verona Gallatin 859
Lancaster Garrard 859
Dry Ridge Grant 859
Mayfield Graves 270
Leitchfield Grayson 270
Greensburg Green 270
Greenup Greenup 606
Hawesville Hancock 270
Elizabethtown Hardin 270
Harlan Harlan 606
Cynthiana Harrison 859
Munfordville Hart 270
Henderson Henderson 270
Eminence Henry 502
Clinton Hickman 270
Madisonville Hopkins 270
McKee Jackson 606
Louisville Jefferson 502
Nicholasville Jessamine 859
Paintsville Johnson 606
Fort Mitchell Kenton 859
Hindman Knott 606
Barbourville Knox 606
Hodgenville Larue 270
London Laurel 606
Louisa Lawrence 606
Beattyville Lee 606
Hyden Leslie 606
Whitesburg Letcher 606
Vanceburg Lewis 606
Stanford Lincoln 606
Ledbetter Livingston 270
Russellville Logan 270
Eddyville Lyon 270
Richmond Madison 859
Salyersville Magoffin 606
Lebanon Marion 270
Benton Marshall 270
Inez Martin 606
Maysville Mason 606
Paducah McCracken 270
Pine Knot McCreary 606
Calhoun McLean 270
Brandenburg Meade 270
Frenchburg Menifee 606
Harrodsburg Mercer 859
Edmonton Metcalfe 270
Tompkinsville Monroe 270
Mount Sterling Montgomery 859
West Liberty Morgan 606
Greenville Muhlenberg 270
Bardstown Nelson 502
Carlisle Nicholas 859
Beaver Dam Ohio 270
La Grange Oldham 502
Owenton Owen 502
Booneville Owsley 606
Falmouth Pendleton 859
Hazard Perry 606
Pikeville Pike 606
Stanton Powell 606
Somerset Pulaski 606
Mount Olivet Robertson 606
Mount Vernon Rockcastle 606
Morehead Rowan 606
Russell Springs Russell 270
Georgetown Scott 502
Shelbyville Shelby 502
Franklin Simpson 270
Taylorsville Spencer 502
Campbellsville Taylor 270
Elkton Todd 270
Cadiz Trigg 270
Bedford Trimble 502
Morganfield Union 270
Bowling Green Warren 270
Springfield Washington 859
Monticello Wayne 606
Providence Webster 270
Corbin Whitley 606
Campton Wolfe 606
Versailles Woodford 859
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.