1. World Map/
  2. North America/
  3. USA /
  4. Indiana


Indiana Description

Talk of statehood was in the air, and on April 19, 1816, the passing of the "Enabling Act" allowed inhabitants of the Indiana Territory to form a state, subject to the final approval of the U.S. Congress. Subsequently, a constitution was drafted, borders were determined, and on Dec. 11, 1816, Indiana became the 19th state to join the union of the United States, with its first capital in Corydon

Early statehood was a financial struggle in Indiana, however cities along the Ohio River blossomed rather quickly as they provided easy access to the Mississippi River and the port city of New Orleans. To help with growth, the state received financial grants from the federal government to build new roads and canals.

By the 1850's, productive farms covered the rural areas, milling industries in the south were booming, new cities were springing up and the population was now approaching one million residents.

During America's Civil War (1861-1865), the slave-free State of Indiana remained a member of the Union, and over 200,000 of its men marched off to war. Though the state saw little action, Indiana regiments participated in all major battles of the war, and nearly 25,000 of its bravest were killed in action.

After the war, Ohio River ports suffered as the federal government put a rigid embargo in place, one that prevented goods from the north being shipped to the south. As a result, southern Indiana cratered, as much of the state's population and industries moved north toward the Great Lakes.

Between 1889 and 1910, Standard Oil Company, U.S. Steel Corporation, and others, built huge facilities along Lake Michigan's shoreline, creating industrial towns (almost overnight). Although it remained a mostly rural state, that corporate expansion transformed northern Indiana into a steel and oil refining mecca.

indy car Co-founded by Carl Graham Fisher of Indiana (an automotive parts and highway entrepreneur) the Indianapolis Motor Speedway complex was built in Indianapolis in 1909. Subsequently the city rivaled Detroit in auto manufacturing for a few decades, and the Indy 500 became the most famous and financially successful race in all of motorsports.

The tragic events of World War I (1914-1918) were an economic boost for Indiana businesses, as they produced profitable supplies for the war effort; automobile, iron and steel production led the way.

The growth in Indiana's industrial base ended almost overnight during the Great Depression (1929-1939); banks closed; transportation companies went bankrupt, and the residual effects lasted for years.

World War II (1939-1945) was the catalyst for a much-needed comeback as Indiana participated aggressively in the war effort; airplanes, munitions and steel manufacturing provided thousands of new jobs, and a much needed tax base. Later in the century high-tech and service industries rose to prominence, and Indiana tourism opened the eyes of travelers.

hoosierModern Indiana is renowned for many things including the Indy 500, the Universities of Indiana, Notre Dame and Purdue, and for being (arguably) the epicenter of high school and college basketball. But perhaps its most endearing charms are found in the small towns that dot the welcoming landscape of the Hoosier State.

Note: Indiana writer Meredith Nicholson, when asked about the origin of the word "Hoosier," quipped: "The origin of the term 'Hoosier' is not known with certainty. But certain it is that ... Hoosiers bear their nickname proudly."

Indiana Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Decatur Adams 260
Fort Wayne Allen 260
Columbus Bartholomew 812
Fowler Benton 765
Hartford City Blackford 765
Zionsville Boone 317
Nashville Brown 812
Delphi Carroll 317
Logansport Cass 574
Jeffersonville Clark 812
Brazil Clay 812
Frankfort Clinton 765
English Crawford 812
Washington Daviess 812
Lawrenceburg Dearborn 812
Greensburg Decatur 812
Auburn DeKalb 260
Muncie Delaware 765
Jasper Dubois 812
Elkhart Elkhart 574
Connersville Fayette 765
New Albany Floyd 812
Attica Fountain 765
Batesville Franklin 812
Rochester Fulton 574
Princeton Gibson 812
Marion Grant 765
Bloomfield Greene 812
Carmel Hamilton 317
Greenfield Hancock 317
Corydon Harrison 812
Brownsburg Hendricks 317
New Castle Henry 765
Kokomo Howard 765
Huntington Huntington 260
Seymour Jackson 812
Demotte Jasper 219
Portland Jay 260
Madison Jefferson 812
North Vernon Jennings 812
Greenwood Johnson 317
Vincennes Knox 812
Warsaw Kosciusko 574
La Porte La Porte 219
Lagrange Lagrange 260
Gary Lake 219
Bedford Lawrence 812
Anderson Madison 765
Indianapolis Marion 317
Plymouth Marshall 574
Loogootee Martin 812
Peru Miami 765
Bloomington Monroe 812
Crawfordsville Montgomery 765
Martinsville Morgan 765
Lake Village Newton 219
Kendallville Noble 260
Rising Sun Ohio 812
Paoli Orange 812
Spencer Owen 812
Rockville Parke 765
Tell City Perry 812
Petersburg Pike 812
Valparaiso Porter 219
Mount Vernon Posey 812
Winamac Pulaski 574
Greencastle Putnam 765
Winchester Randolph 765
Sunman Ripley 812
Rushville Rush 765
Scottsburg Scott 812
Shelbyville Shelby 317
Rockport Spencer 812
South Bend St Joseph 574
Knox Starke 574
Angola Steuben 260
Sullivan Sullivan 812
Vevay Switzerland 812
Lafayette Tippecanoe 765
Tipton Tipton 765
Liberty Union 765
Evansville Vanderburgh 812
Clinton Vermillion 765
Terre Haute Vigo 812
Wabash Wabash 260
Williamsport Warren 765
Newburgh Warrick 812
Salem Washington 812
Richmond Wayne 765
Bluffton Wells 260
Monticello White 574
Columbia City Whitley 260
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.