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Illinois Description

When the Great Depression of the 1930's reared its ugly head, it proved financially disastrous across Illinois, and all of America. Industry all but shut down and thousands or workers lost their jobs. The discovery of oil in the southern-reaches of the state provided some of the needed economic recovery in the late 1930s.

In the end it was World War II that revived the state's 20th century economy. Unparalleled growth in munition and other defense-related industries, as well as demand for traditional products sparked the economy.

Illinois Today

Although considered one of America's top industrial states, Illinois is also an important agricultural state, successfully producing corn and soybeans in record amounts. In addition, the state is a leader in the cattle and hog industries. With a 2000 census population of over 12 million, Illinois ranks 5th in population in the nation. Over 65% of the state's population resides in the Chicago area, the third largest city in the U.S.

Renowned for its natural beauty, the Illinois landscape has something to offer every outdoor lover. Visitors can drive any of the six National Scenic Byways and witness beautiful rivers, lakes, prairie and acres of idyll farmland, or visit the many state parks and wildlife centers. Lake Michigan forms the Illinois Northwestern border and the Mississippi River separates the state from Missouri and Iowa.

Several airlines and Amtrak use the state as a major transportation pivot and the city of Chicago is an important port of call on Lake Michigan. The central location and transportation infrastructure are attractive for all kinds of major industrial complexes, leading to a highly diverse economy. The Chicago metropolitan area is home to many of the nations' largest companies including Boeing, McDonald's and Motorola.

Illinois Vacation Travel

chicago skyscraperFor those of us that love travel, the State of Illinois offers a broad array of choices. From quiet and relaxed small towns where "do not disturb" and "table for two" are the only plans for the day, or to the sparkling non-stop city of Chicago, where a "24-hour day" seems totally inadequate.

In this modern "Land of Lincoln" you will discover "Mile after Magnificent Mile" of historical points-of-interest, professional sports, shopping venues, state parks, summer and winter outdoor activities, and a growing wine industry.

Illinois boasts world-class museums including the state of the art Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield, the largest presidential library in the country. The city of Chicago is the birthplace of skyscrapers and a distinctive brand of the blues, as well as Illinois vacation attractions such as the renowned Lincoln Park Zoo and Art Institute of Chicago.

A few notable famous natives of Illinois include Ronald Reagan, Walt Disney, Cindy Crawford, George Ferris (Ferris wheel inventor), Robin Williams and John Cusack. The state houses two Major Leagues Baseball teams and is a leading educational hub, with the University of Chicago and Northwestern University ranking among the top 100 National Universities in the United States.

Illinois Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Quincy Adams 217
Cairo Alexander 618
Greenville Bond 618
Belvidere Boone 815
Mount Sterling Brown 217
Princeton Bureau 815
Hardin Calhoun 618
Savanna Carroll 815
Beardstown Cass 217
Champaign Champaign 217
Taylorville Christian 217
Marshall Clark 217
Flora Clay 618
Carlyle Clinton 618
Charleston Coles 217
Chicago Cook 847 , 312
Robinson Crawford 618
Neoga Cumberland 217
DeKalb DeKalb 815
Clinton Dewitt 217
Tuscola Douglas 217
Naperville DuPage 630
Paris Edgar 217
Albion Edwards 618
Effingham Effingham 217
Vandalia Fayette 618
Paxton Ford 217
West Frankfort Franklin 618
Canton Fulton 309
Shawneetown Gallatin 618
Carrollton Greene 217
Morris Grundy 815
McLeansboro Hamilton 618
Carthage Hancock 217
Elizabethtown Hardin 618
Oquawka Henderson 309
Kewanee Henry 309
Watseka Iroquois 815
Carbondale Jackson 618
Newton Jasper 618
Mount Vernon Jefferson 618
Jerseyville Jersey 618
Galena Jo Daviess 815
Vienna Johnson 618
Elgin Kane 847
Aurora Kane 630
Kankakee Kankakee 815
Oswego Kendall 630
Galesburg Knox 309
Ottawa La Salle 815
Waukegan Lake 847
Lawrenceville Lawrence 618
Dixon Lee 815
Pontiac Livingston 815
Lincoln Logan 217
Decatur Macon 217
Carlinville Macoupin 217
Granite City Madison 618
Centralia Marion 618
Henry Marshall 309
Havana Mason 309
Metropolis Massac 618
Macomb McDonough 309
Crystal Lake McHenry 815
Bloomington McLean 309
Petersburg Menard 217
Aledo Mercer 309
Waterloo Monroe 618
Litchfield Montgomery 217
Jacksonville Morgan 217
Sullivan Moultrie 217
Rochelle Ogle 815
Peoria Peoria 309
Du Quoin Perry 618
Monticello Piatt 217
Pittsfield Pike 217
Golconda Pope 618
Mounds Pulaski 618
Granville Putnam 815
Chester Randolph 618
Olney Richland 618
Moline Rock Island 309
Belleville Saint Clair 618
Harrisburg Saline 618
Springfield Sangamon 217
Rushville Schuyler 217
Winchester Scott 217
Shelbyville Shelby 217
Wyoming Stark 309
Freeport Stephenson 815
Pekin Tazewell 309
Anna Union 618
Danville Vermilion 217
Mount Carmel Wabash 618
Monmouth Warren 309
Nashville Washington 618
Fairfield Wayne 618
Carmi White 618
Sterling Whiteside 815
Joliet Will 708
Marion Williamson 618
Rockford Winnebago 815
Metamora Woodford 309
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.