Abraham Lincoln, The Most Famous Native From The State Of Illinois
In 1830, Abraham Lincoln's family moved from Indiana to Illinois. This most famous Illinois Native began his political career at age 23. As a lawyer, he served four successive terms in the Illinois House of Representatives, and was a powerful force in forming the Republican Party.
On November 6, 1860, Lincoln was elected the 16th President of the United States. Shortly thereafter (in 1861) America's Civil War began. The nearly 2 million inhabitants of Illinois supported "their President" and the Union effort by forming 150 infantry regiments that collectively sent over 250,000 troops off to war.
On January 1, 1863, President Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation, one that declared (forever free) those slaves within the Confederate States of the South. The proclamation was widely-praised after Lincoln's death, and the anniversary of its issue was celebrated as a black holiday for more than 50 years.
Lincoln won re-election in 1864, as the Union military finally prevailed. While addressing those assembled during his Second Inaugural Address, he stated... "With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation's wounds.. "
Widely viewed as America's greatest President, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated on Good Friday, April 14, 1865, at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. by John Wilkes Booth. The battered nation mourned the loss of this brave and insightful man for many years. The capital of Illinois, Springfield, is home to Abraham Lincoln's tomb.
Post Civil War Illinois
There was a rapid increase in industrial development in Illinois after the Civil War. Railroads were a major catalyst, as they brought immigrants by the thousands to work in the quickly expanding factories in Chicago, and other northern cities.
Chicago, the largest city in Illinois by 1857, led the nation in grain and meatpacking production. Then, in 1871, this city's flimsy wooden structures were almost totally destroyed by the Great Chicago Fire; burning for almost two days, it killed over 300 people. Chicago was quickly rebuilt, and by 1875 there was little evidence of the disaster remaining.
By the early 1900's, factories continued to expand in the northern cities, and coal mines in the central and southern parts of Illinois attracted large numbers of immigrants from eastern and southern Europe.
In the early 20th century laws were passed in America banning the manufacturing and selling of alcohol. During the years of Prohibition (1920-1933) in the Chicago area, the infamous gangster Al Capone, his mob and other gangs, sold illegal liquor; bringing unwanted notoriety and violence to Chicago.
CITY ATTRACTIONS & MAPS:
Illinois Cities, Counties & Area Codes
|Chicago||Cook||847 , 312|
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