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Illinois Description

Abraham Lincoln, The Most Famous Native From The State Of Illinois

In 1830, Abraham Lincoln's family moved from Indiana to Illinois. This most famous Illinois Native began his political career at age 23. As a lawyer, he served four successive terms in the Illinois House of Representatives, and was a powerful force in forming the Republican Party.

abraham lincolnOn November 6, 1860, Lincoln was elected the 16th President of the United States. Shortly thereafter (in 1861) America's Civil War began. The nearly 2 million inhabitants of Illinois supported "their President" and the Union effort by forming 150 infantry regiments that collectively sent over 250,000 troops off to war.

On January 1, 1863, President Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation, one that declared (forever free) those slaves within the Confederate States of the South. The proclamation was widely-praised after Lincoln's death, and the anniversary of its issue was celebrated as a black holiday for more than 50 years.

Lincoln won re-election in 1864, as the Union military finally prevailed. While addressing those assembled during his Second Inaugural Address, he stated... "With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation's wounds.. "

Widely viewed as America's greatest President, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated on Good Friday, April 14, 1865, at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. by John Wilkes Booth. The battered nation mourned the loss of this brave and insightful man for many years. The capital of Illinois, Springfield, is home to Abraham Lincoln's tomb.

Post Civil War Illinois

There was a rapid increase in industrial development in Illinois after the Civil War. Railroads were a major catalyst, as they brought immigrants by the thousands to work in the quickly expanding factories in Chicago, and other northern cities.

Chicago, the largest city in Illinois by 1857, led the nation in grain and meatpacking production. Then, in 1871, this city's flimsy wooden structures were almost totally destroyed by the Great Chicago Fire; burning for almost two days, it killed over 300 people. Chicago was quickly rebuilt, and by 1875 there was little evidence of the disaster remaining.

By the early 1900's, factories continued to expand in the northern cities, and coal mines in the central and southern parts of Illinois attracted large numbers of immigrants from eastern and southern Europe.

In the early 20th century laws were passed in America banning the manufacturing and selling of alcohol. During the years of Prohibition (1920-1933) in the Chicago area, the infamous gangster Al Capone, his mob and other gangs, sold illegal liquor; bringing unwanted notoriety and violence to Chicago.

Illinois Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Quincy Adams 217
Cairo Alexander 618
Greenville Bond 618
Belvidere Boone 815
Mount Sterling Brown 217
Princeton Bureau 815
Hardin Calhoun 618
Savanna Carroll 815
Beardstown Cass 217
Champaign Champaign 217
Taylorville Christian 217
Marshall Clark 217
Flora Clay 618
Carlyle Clinton 618
Charleston Coles 217
Chicago Cook 847 , 312
Robinson Crawford 618
Neoga Cumberland 217
DeKalb DeKalb 815
Clinton Dewitt 217
Tuscola Douglas 217
Naperville DuPage 630
Paris Edgar 217
Albion Edwards 618
Effingham Effingham 217
Vandalia Fayette 618
Paxton Ford 217
West Frankfort Franklin 618
Canton Fulton 309
Shawneetown Gallatin 618
Carrollton Greene 217
Morris Grundy 815
McLeansboro Hamilton 618
Carthage Hancock 217
Elizabethtown Hardin 618
Oquawka Henderson 309
Kewanee Henry 309
Watseka Iroquois 815
Carbondale Jackson 618
Newton Jasper 618
Mount Vernon Jefferson 618
Jerseyville Jersey 618
Galena Jo Daviess 815
Vienna Johnson 618
Elgin Kane 847
Aurora Kane 630
Kankakee Kankakee 815
Oswego Kendall 630
Galesburg Knox 309
Ottawa La Salle 815
Waukegan Lake 847
Lawrenceville Lawrence 618
Dixon Lee 815
Pontiac Livingston 815
Lincoln Logan 217
Decatur Macon 217
Carlinville Macoupin 217
Granite City Madison 618
Centralia Marion 618
Henry Marshall 309
Havana Mason 309
Metropolis Massac 618
Macomb McDonough 309
Crystal Lake McHenry 815
Bloomington McLean 309
Petersburg Menard 217
Aledo Mercer 309
Waterloo Monroe 618
Litchfield Montgomery 217
Jacksonville Morgan 217
Sullivan Moultrie 217
Rochelle Ogle 815
Peoria Peoria 309
Du Quoin Perry 618
Monticello Piatt 217
Pittsfield Pike 217
Golconda Pope 618
Mounds Pulaski 618
Granville Putnam 815
Chester Randolph 618
Olney Richland 618
Moline Rock Island 309
Belleville Saint Clair 618
Harrisburg Saline 618
Springfield Sangamon 217
Rushville Schuyler 217
Winchester Scott 217
Shelbyville Shelby 217
Wyoming Stark 309
Freeport Stephenson 815
Pekin Tazewell 309
Anna Union 618
Danville Vermilion 217
Mount Carmel Wabash 618
Monmouth Warren 309
Nashville Washington 618
Fairfield Wayne 618
Carmi White 618
Sterling Whiteside 815
Joliet Will 708
Marion Williamson 618
Rockford Winnebago 815
Metamora Woodford 309
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.