1. World Map/
  2. North America/
  3. USA /
  4. Alaska


Alaska Description

exxon valdez Alaska is no stranger to disaster. The Good Friday Earthquake of March 27, 1964, struck 120 km (85 miles) east of Anchorage. It proved to be one of the most powerful earthquakes ever, with a magnitude of 9.2 on the Richter scale. Many Alaskans were killed by the related tsunami that destroyed coastal towns and several native villages on the southern coastline.

Modern Alaska's economy relies heavily on petroleum extraction, with more than 80 percent of the state's revenues derived from the industry. There have been some problems however, as in 1989, when the oil tanker Exxon Valdez spilled 11 million gallons of that oil into Prince William Sound, creating an ecological disaster.

Excluding oil and natural gas, Alaska's main export product is seafood, but because of its topography and weather extremes, in-state manufacturing is rather limited, so most basic necessities must be imported.

With very few roads yet-built across the state, and long distances between cities, the main transportation methods are by water and air. In fact, Alaska has an extensive bush pilot system and has the highest number of pilots per capita of any state (1 in 78).

Snowmobiles and ATVs are popular personal vehicles. Dog sledding is the state sport, and Alaska is world famous for the annual 'Iditarod Sled Dog Race,' a demanding 1,150 mile route from Anchorage to Nome in normally harsh conditions.

polar bear From grizzly bears to polar bears, and from humpback whales to sea otters, wildlife abounds across Alaska. Anchorage is probably the only city in the United States that has a major moose problem, as there are hundreds within the city limits.

Alaska is like no other place on our planet. It's a constant adventure for those that live there, and for those fortunate enough (or smart enough) to travel there, it often proves to be their most exhilarating and worthwhile adventure.

Alaska Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Akutan Aleutians East 907
Unalaska Aleutians West 907
Anchorage Anchorage 907
Bethel Bethel 907
Naknek Bristol Bay 907
Healy Denali 907
Dillingham Dillingham 907
Fairbanks Fairbanks North Star 907
Haines Haines 907
Hoonah Hoonah Angoon 907
Juneau Juneau 907
Kenai Kenai Peninsula 907
Ketchikan Ketchikan Gateway 907
Kodiak Kodiak Island 907
Iliamna Lake and Peninsula 907
Wasilla Matanuska Susitna 907
Nome Nome 907
Barrow North Slope 907
Kotzebue Northwest Arctic 907
Petersburg Petersburg 907
Craig Prince of Wales Hyder 907
Sitka Sitka 907
Skagway Skagway 907
Delta Junction Southeast Fairbanks 907
Valdez Valdez Cordova 907
Hooper Bay Wade Hampton 907
Wrangell Wrangell 907
Yakutat Yakutat 907
Nenana Yukon Koyukuk 907

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

Trending on WorldAtlas

USA States

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.