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Quebec History Timeline

1800s continued
  • (1867) New Brunswick and Nova Scotia joined Ontario and Quebec in the new Dominion of Canada; Honourable Sir Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau appointed first lieutenant-governor; Pierre-Joseph-Oliver Chauveau became first premier
  • (1870) Major forest fire in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region left third of population homeless
  • (1875) New electoral law enforced secret ballot
  • (1885) Canadian Pacific railroad completed (Montreal to Vancouver)
  • (1887) First premiers' conference held in Quebec City
  • (1889) Rockslide in Quebec City killed 45 people
  • (1891) Premier Honore Mercier removed from office after being accused of corruption (cleared of all charges the following year)
  • (1893-1895) Albert Peter Low explored Quebec-Labrador peninsula
  • (1898) Quebec boundary extension act expanded provincial boundaries - included land of the aboriginal Cree
  • (1900) Academie de musique de Quebec theatre destroyed by fire
  • (1907) Part of the Quebec bridge collapsed, killed 75 workmen
  • (1912) Quebec Boundaries Extension Act passed, northern boundary extended from Quebec to Hudson Strait
  • (1917) Government enforced conscription, rioting occurred
  • (1918) Women won right to vote in Canadian federal elections
  • (1921) Ku Klux Klan established in Montreal
  • (1922) Joseph-Armand Bombardier engineered first prototype of snowmobile; CKAC Radio begain broadcasting (first radio station in Quebec)
  • (1931) Statute of Westminster provided all existing dominions of British Empire were fully independent of United Kingdom
  • (1936) Canadian government began printing bilingual currency
  • (1939) Canada began participation in World War II
  • (1940) Quebec women received right to vote and run for office in provincial elections
  • (1944) W.L. Mackenzie, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill met for a World War II conference in Quebec City
  • (1949) Joseph-Albert Guay responsible for in-flight bombing killing all aboard (one of first in-flight airplane bombings in history); asbestos strikes occurred in town of Asbestos and Thetford Mines
  • (1954) Separate provincial income tax introduced
  • (1955) Richard Riot - Fans protested suspension of Montreal hockey player, Maurice Richard; riots occurred
  • (1961) Claire Kirkland-Casgrain became first woman member of Legislative Assembly and cabinet member
  • (1963) Voting age lowered from 21 to 18 years
  • (1969) Bill 63 allowed parents freedom to choose their children's language of instruction; baseball franchise, Montreal Expos, began playing; FLQ (Front de Liberation du Quebec) bombed Montreal Stock Exchange; Montreal's police, firefighters staged wildcat strike
  • (1970) British Trade Commissioner, James Cross, abducted by Front de liberation du Quebec, martial law declared, civil rights suspended; Quebec joined the federal medicare system
  • (1971) The first CANDU reactor began operation at Gentilly; landslide at Saquenay destroyed 40 houses and killed 31 people
  • (1972) 200,000 public service workers struck, largest strike in Canadian history
  • (1976) Montreal hosted Summer Olympics
  • (1977) Bill 101 (Charter of the French Language) became law, defined French as the language of majority of population, only official language of Quebec; English speaking workers, businessmen left province
  • (1980) Quebec-Newfoundland government signed Churchill Falls hydro agreement
  • (1981) French-only sign law passed
  • (1984) National Assembly shooting spree killed 3 and injured 13 people
  • (1987) Quebec City first city in North America awarded World Heritage status
  • (1988) Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement negotiated
  • (1989) Geomagnetic storm caused province-wide blackout, lasted 9 hours, affected New York City; Ecole Polytechnique Massacre occurred - Marc Lepine shot 28 people, killed himself
  • (1990) Oka Crisis - land dispute between Mohawk Nation and town of Oka
  • (1992) Superior Court gave paralyzed Nancy B. right to disconnect from a respirator, resulted in her death
  • (1993) North American Free Trade Agreement goes into effect
  • (1994) Civil Code of Quebec replaced Civil Code of Lower Canada
  • (1996) 2,000 people rioted in Quebec City after rock concert; severe flooding in Saguenay Region devastated area, one of Canada's costliest natural disasters
  • (1998) Ice storm struck Montreal, southwestern Quebec, destroyed power lines and pylons, "triangle of darkness" left area south of Montreal without power for three weeks
  • (2001) Quebec City hosted Summit of the Americas
  • (2002) Child prostitution bust in Quebec City, many well-known people arrested
  • (2004) First same-sex marriage celebrated
  • (2005) 80,000 college students protested a cut to bursary funds by the government
  • (2006) Writer Jean-Paul Desbiens died, his book opened the door to the Quiet Revolution
  • (2007) 400th anniversary celebrated
  • (2008) French President, Nicolas Sarkozy, withdrew support of the Quebec sovereignty movement
  • (2009) Immigration amendment passed to give priority to applications of candidates whose occupational profile satisfies the needs of the Quebec labor market
  • (2010) Family of four swept away in landslide while in their home
  • (2011) Census figures showed population is decreasing with residents moving to other provinces
  • (2011) Over 3,000 homes were flooded by overflow from Richelieu River, worst flooding in 150 years
  • (2012) Immigration officials announced they are expecting a record number of immigrants this year - in excess of 50,000
  • (2012) Tens of thousands of college students went on strike to protest plans by government to raise tuition

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About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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