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United Kingdom History Timeline

1300s continued
  • (1346) English claimed first land victory in northern France of Hundred Years' War
  • (1348) Black Death Plague ravished England; over 50% of population died
  • (1377) King Edward III died; Richard II (age 10) crowned King; Poll tax introduced
  • (1381) Peasant's Revolt against poll tax occurred
  • (1399) King Richard II forced to resign; Henry IV crowned King
  • (1404) Welsh hero, Owain Glyndwr, gained control of Wales; declared himself Prince of Wales
  • (1409) Welsh surrendered to England
  • (1413) King Henry IV died; Henry V new king
  • (1415) English defeated French at Battle of Agincourt
  • (1419) Henry V took control of Normandy, France
  • (1422) Henry V died; Son Henry VI (aged nine months) succeeded; council established to rule England
  • (1453) Final battle of Hundred Years' War occurred at Chatillon; War ended; England ousted from France
  • (1455) War of the Roses began between parties of Plantagenets and Lancastrians
  • (1471) Edward IV reclaimed crown from King Henry VI; Henry VI died
  • (1483) King Edward IV died; dispute occurred about rightful king; Richard III crowned King
  • (1485) Henry Tudor, descendent of Edward III, fought to take over English throne; King Richard III died during battle, Henry Tudor crowned King Henry VII; War of the Roses ended at Battle of Bosworth
  • (1492) Kings Henry VII of England and Charles VII of France negotiated Treaty of Etaples; Christopher Columbus discovered Bahamas
  • (1509) King Henry VII died; King Henry VIII crowned
  • (1513) English defeated Scots and French invasion at Battle of Flodden Field
  • (1533) King Henry VIII divorced Catherine of Aragon; married Anne Boleyn; Pope excommunicated Henry VIII from church
  • (1534) King Henry VIII formed Church of England
  • (1536) Anne Boleyn executed; Henry VIII married Jane Seymour
  • (1542) Scottish forces attacked England at Battle of Solway; King James V of Scotland died; daughter Mary crowned Queen of Scots
  • (1547) King Henry VIII died; Edward VI (age nine) became King
  • (1549) Book of common prayer introduced; First Act of Uniformity passed, banning Roman Catholic mass
  • (1553) King Edward VI died; Lady Jane Grey declared Queen of England for nine days; Mary I crowned Queen
  • (1558) French retook Calais; Queen Mary I died; Elizabeth I crowned Queen
  • (1559) Mary, Queen of Scots, claimed her royal right to the English throne
  • (1565) Walter Raleigh brought tobacco to England
  • (1567) Mary, Queen of Scots, abdicated, son James declared King
  • (1587) Queen Elizabeth ordered execution of Mary, Queen of Scots, for treason
  • (1588) Spanish Armada sent to attack England; the English overwhelmingly defeated the Spanish fleet
  • (1593) William Shakespeare's first published work
  • (1600) East India Company established
  • (1603) Queen Elizabeth I died; James VI of Scotland became James I of England, the first Stuart king
  • (1604) Kings James I of England and Philip III of Spain signed Treaty of London, ending war
  • (1605) Plan to blow up Parliament, the Gunpowder Plot, failed
  • (1614) Parliament called Addled Parliament for not passing one act during sitting; James I dissolved Parliament
  • (1620) Mayflower with Pilgrims arrived in America
  • (1621) Thirty Years War began (Protestants against Catholics)
  • (1625) King James I died; son Charles I crowned
  • (1640) Long Parliament sat (until 1660)
  • (1642) English Civil War began
  • (1645) Civil War ended, Charles I defeated
  • (1648) Second Civil War occurred
  • (1649) King Charles I tried for levying war; found guilty and was executed; son Charles II declared himself King
  • (1653 - 1658) Lord Cromwell ruled as Lord Protector
  • (1654) England declared war on Spain
  • (1660) Monarchy restored with King Charles II
  • (1665) Great Plague struck London; over 75,000 died
  • (1666) Great Fire of London destroyed more than 12,000 houses, 80 churches
  • (1685) King Charles II died; brother James, Duke of York, crowned King James II
  • (1688 - 1689) Glorious Revolution took place, King James II deposed by Parliament
  • (1689) William III and Mary II jointly crowned King and Queen of England
  • (1690) Battle of the Boyce occurred, King William III defeated armies of James II
  • (1691) King William III took control of Ireland
  • (1694) Queen Mary II died; Bank of England established
  • (1702) King William III died; daughter of James II, Anne, crowned Queen
  • (1707) Act of Union passed - united England and Scotland as Great Britain
  • (1714) Queen Anne died; George Ludwig, great grandson of James I became King George I, the first German-speaking monarch
  • (1720) The South Sea Bubble financial crisis struck
  • (1721) Whig politician, Robert Walpole, became first Prime Minister of Great Britain
  • (1727) King George I died; son, George II new king
  • (1745) French defeated Great Britain and Austria at Battle of Fontenoy; Bonnie Prince Charlie, claimant to throne, defeated by King George II supporters
  • (1752) Gregorian calendar (also known as New Style) adopted by Britain and all British colonies
  • (1756) Seven Years' War began
  • (1760) King George II died; George III new king
  • (1763) Treaty of Paris ended Seven Years' War
  • (1770) British troops sent to American colonies; Boston Massacre occurred; British troops quickly removed from Boston
  • (1773) Colonists in America dumped chests of tea into sea protesting taxes (Boston Tea Party)
  • (1775) American Revolution began
  • (1776) American Declaration of Independence signed by thirteen colonies declaring break from Britain
  • (1781) American Revolution ended; America won its independence
  • (1801) Act of Union placed Ireland under British Parliament control
  • (1805) British defeated Napoleon's French fleet at Battle of Trafalgar
  • (1811) King George III deemed unfit to rule; son George, Prince of Wales, appointed Prince Regent
  • (1812-1815) War of 1812
  • (1811 - 1817) Luddite Movement occurred - rioting against unemployment due to Industrial Revolution; potato famine ravished Ireland
  • (1820) King George III died; George IV became king
  • (1829) Roman Catholic Relief Act passed, gave political rights to Catholics for loyalty to Protestant monarchy
  • (1830) King George IV died; succeeded by brother, Duke of Clarence, as King William IV
  • (1832) Great Reform Act passed, male property owners allowed to vote; cholera struck Britain, more than 20,000 died
  • (1820) Factory Act banned child workers under nine
  • (1834) Charles Babbage invented mechanical calculating machine, prototype for modern computer
  • (1837) King William IV died; his niece crowned Queen Victoria of Britain
  • (1845) Potato crops across Europe ruined
  • (1851) Great Exhibition took place - more than six million visited
  • (1854 - 1856) Britain victorious in Crimean War
  • (1863) First underground railway in London opened
  • (1867) Second Reform Act passed - male household heads allowed to vote
  • (1869) Suez Canal opened; women rate payers given right to vote in local elections
  • (1870) Education Act passed, school mandatory for children up to 11 years
  • (1872) Ballot Act passed - voting now secret
  • (1875) Captain Michael Webb first person to swim across English Channel
  • (1877) Queen Victoria declared Empress of India
  • (1878) Pleasure boat, Princess Alice, sank in Thames River, more than 600 died
  • (1892) First Labour MP elected
  • (1896) Britain won three gold medals at first modern Olympic Games in Athens
  • (1899 - 1902) Boer War took place; Britain defeated South African Dutch settlers
  • (1901) Queen Victoria died; son Edward VII new king
  • (1903) Suffagrette movement founded
  • (1908) Introduction of pensions
  • (1910) Edward VII died, son George crowned King George V
  • (1912) Titanic left Southampton, sank in North Atlantic, 1,513 people died

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.