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Ireland's Information

Flag of Ireland
Land Area 68,883 km2
Water Area 1,390 km2
Total Area 70,273km2 (#118)
Population 4,952,473 (#121)
Population Density 71.90/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $322.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $69,400
Currency Euro (EUR)
More Information Ireland
Largest Cities

After more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle, marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions, Ireland and Britain were on paper (politically united) in 1800 by the Act of Union, however, countrywide unrest was still on the front burner. Adding more misery to that smoldering fire, the Great Famine of the mid-1800's served up starvation and death, and mass emigration followed, especially to the United States.

The Home Rule movement of the late-1800's would be the catalyst for the separation of Northern Ireland from Ireland, because the southern Catholics desired total independence from the British, while northern Protestants feared rule by the Catholic majority.

On Easter Sunday, 1916, a group of approximately 2,500 Irish patriots, brave souls all, stood up to the English to form the Irish Republic. On Easter Monday, one of the leaders, Patrick Pearse, stood on the post office steps and read the 'Proclamation of the Republic.'

A few days later, following this so-called 'Easter Rising,' the 14 nationalist leaders that supported an independent Irish Republic were all court-martialed, then brutally shot (executed) at Dublin's Kilmainham Gaol (prison) by the British. Pictures of the prison and the execution site are here.

Those heroic men inspired the Irish population, and the Anglo-Irish War began. When that guerrilla warfare ended in 1921, a treaty was signed giving (26) Irish counties independence and permitted (6) Protestant counties (in Ulster) to fend for themselves. This act divided Ireland into two political entities, each with some powers of self-government. Though rejected by the Catholics, it was put into place, and thus the modern day geographic and political separations of Ireland.

The Republic of Ireland gained its independence from Britain in 1948; Northern Ireland, though independent in many ways, remains (today) under British governmental control. Ireland joined the United Nations in 1957, the European Economic Community (EU) in 1973, and began the process of modernizing its rural based economy.

In 1991, the economy exploded and Mary Robinson was elected the first female President of the Republic. International investment poured in, electronic firms built factories and the long-suffering job market improved.

Since joining the EU, Ireland's economy and employment numbers have fluctuated up and down, mostly down. Some blame the Euro's impact on the working class, while others take a wait-and-see attitude as the EU moves aggressively into the future.

In this country of infectious, get-up-and-dance music, warm pubs on most every corner, and friendly, outgoing people, the survival of the Republic of Ireland is a foregone conclusion.

There's a rich mixture of ancestry, culture and tradition in this land of the green (home of Saint Patrick and the Shamrock), and all visitors are welcome.

This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Ireland Trivia

What is the National Animal of Ireland?

The national land animal is not very clear although the Irish Hare has been treated as the national animal. It can be noted that the hare was not the original idea for a national animal. Initially the Irish elk is what was defined as the national animal, an iconic mammal that was found in the whole of Northern Europe. Since this mammal no longer exists, the next possible contender for the spot was the red deer. This was not well received as its origin was also not very clear. Some people still consider the red deer as the national animal.

What is the National Animal of Ireland?

What Languages Are Spoken In Ireland?

The two principal languages of Ireland are English and Irish. Irish is considered the official and national language of the Republic of Ireland; Northern Ireland has no official language. However, English has been the dominant spoken language in both political areas since the end of the 19th century. The two regional languages of Ireland are Ulster Scots and Shelta. Minority languages in Ireland are spoken mainly by immigrant groups. The most common of these include Polish, German, French, Japanese, and Mandarin.

What Languages Are Spoken In Ireland?

Does It Snow In Ireland?

Although most of Ireland's winter precipitation comes in the form of rain, the mountains and hills receive about 30 days of snow annually. The Wicklow Mountains get over 60 days of snow annually.

Does It Snow In Ireland?

What is the Currency of Ireland?

The official currency of the Republic of Ireland is the Euro.

What is the Currency of Ireland?

What is the Biggest National Park in Ireland?

Wicklow Mountains is the largest national park in Ireland, covering 205 sq km.

The Six National Parks Of Ireland

What is the Biggest Religion in Ireland?

Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion in Ireland and the largest Christian denomination with a population of 78.8%. The population of Catholics in Ireland is about 4.7 million

Major Religions in the Republic of Ireland

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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