|Land Area||130,647 km2|
|Water Area||1,310 km2|
|Total Area||131,957km2 (#95)|
|Government Type||Parliamentary Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$291.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$26,800|
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1700s - 1800s
- (1797) French began rule of Ionian Islands
- (1821) Uprising occurred; Greece declared national independence
- (1832) Bavarian prince Otto, named King of Greece
- (1834) Athens became capital of Greece
- (1911-14) Greece sided with Germany in Balkan Wars
- (1912) Dodecanese Islands liberated from Turks; King Constantine defeated Turks in Macedonia
- (1913) Crete and Aegean Islands became part of Greece
- (1917) King Constantine abdicated first time
- (1922) Greek forces defeated in Asia Minor; Greeks who lived on Turkish side of Aegean flooded into Greece; King Constantine abdicated second time
- (1924) Greeks voted to abolish monarchy; country became republic; King George II exiled
- (1927) Air service began between Athens and islands
- (1935) Monarchy restored; King George returned
- (1936) General Metaxas appointed prime minister by King; established dictatorship
- (1940) Mussolini's forces attacked Greece
- (1941) Metaxas died; Germany conquered Greece; famine killed over 100,000; King George fled to Egypt
- (1944) Greek and British forces combined, forced Nazi withdrawal; Georgios Papandreou became prime minister; protest demonstration killed 28
- (1946-49) Royalist party won elections; restored monarchy; civil war began
- (1947) Dodacanese incorporated into Greek state
- (1952) Greece declared a parliamentary democracy by new constitution; joined NATO
- (1960) British rule of Cyprus ended; became Greek state
- (1963) Grigorios Lambrakis, left-wing deputy, murdered in Thessaloniki
- (1967) Group of army officers seized control; elections postponed; Col. George Papadopoulos became prime minister
- (1973) Monarchy abolished; Greece declared republic
- (1974) Turkish army invaded, occupied northern Cyprus
- (1996) Greece and Turkey disputed Aegean Islet
- (1999) Athens struck by earthquake, dozens killed, thousands homeless
- (2000) British diplomat, Brigadier Stephen Saunders, shot in Athens by left-wing group
- (2002) Euro replaced drachma; Greece and Turkey agreed to build gas pipeline through Turkey
- (2003) Demonstrations took place in Athens during EU summit meetings; Greek coast guard seized ship loaded with explosives; Athens court found leader and hitman of Greek terrorist group guilty, sentenced to prison
- (2004 - 2005) Wiretapping case, Greek Watergate) involved illegal tapping of more than 100 mobile phones of Greek government and top-ranking civil servants
- (2004) Conservative New Democracy party won general election; bombs exploded outside Athens police station; Athens hosted summer Olympic Games
- (2005) Trade unions held strikes; Parliament ratified EU constitution; airline jet crashed - killed 121 people
- (2006) Public sector workers held strike; earthquake struck in southern Greece; Greek and Turkish fighter planes collided, crashed into Aegean; Greece won basketball FIBA World Championship
- (2007) Fires in southern Greece destroyed dozens of villages, killed over 50; the fires were believed to have been deliberately set in advance of national elections
- (2008) Wide-spread rioting, demonstrations took place in several cities due to shooting of 15-year old student, combined with economic problems and unemployment
- (2009) Several thousand residents in north Athens forced to evacuate due to wildfires around the city
- (2010) Journalist Sokratis Giolias was assassinated outside his home; general strike in Athens over planned austerity measures killed three
- (2011) Explosives found in package at Greek Embassy in Rome
What Is a Pentathlon?
Pentathlon is a word of Greek origin formed by combining two words, pente (five) and athlon (competition). The Pentathlon is a competition with five different sporting events. Pentathlon events can be traced to Ancient Greek Olympic Games in Olympia city-state where it included the long jump, javelin throw, discus throw, stadion (a series of short races), and a wrestling match as the main event.
10 Sports That Came From Ancient Greece
What is the Currency of Greece?
The monetary unit for Greece is the euro. The euro banknotes exist in seven denominations: 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, and 500.
What is the Currency of Greece?
What is the Biggest City in Greece?
Athens, the capital city of Greece, is also the largest city in the country. It has a population of 3.7 million people.
The Biggest Cities In Greece
What Language is Spoken in Greece?
Greek, the official language of Greece, is used by the majority of the country's population. English is the most widely spoken foreign language.
What Languages are Spoken in Greece?
What Kind of Government Does Greece Have?
Greece is a parliamentary republic and the President, the Head of State of Greece, is elected by the Parliament every five years.
What Type Of Government Does Greece Have?
What are the minority ethnic groups in Greece?
Albanians are the largest ethnic minority in Greece. Other minority groups include Roma (Romani), Aromanians, Macedonians, and Arvanites.