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Georgia History Timeline

Georgia's Information

Flag of Georgia
Land Area 69,700 km2
Total Area 69,700km2 (#119)
Population 4,928,052 (#122)
Population Density 70.70/km2
Government Type Semi-presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $37.27 Billion
GDP Per Capita $10,100
Currency Lari (GEL)
Largest Cities
2000s continued
  • (2006) Explosions on Russian side of border damaged gas pipeline, blast disrupted electric supplies during freezing weather; President Saakashvili accused Moscow of sabotage; Georgia received gas from Iran; Russia suspended imports of Georgian wine on health grounds, Tbilisi stated the action politically motivated; Russia banned imports on Georgian mineral water again on health grounds; Georgia demanded that Russian peacekeepers who arrived for rotation in South Ossetia have visas; parliament demanded withdrawal of Russian peacekeepers from South Ossetia and Abkhazia; Russian relations deteriorated when a Georgian military helicopter was fired upon over South Ossetia, Defense Minister Okruashvili was onboard; agreement reached on holding talks with NATO for closer relations; South Ossetians held referendum to reaffirm independence from Georgia
  • (2007) Irakli Okruashvili, former defense minister, accused Saakashvili of corruption and plotting a murder; allegations triggered protests; state of emergency declared; riot police clashed with protestors, demanded president's resignation; Russia stated it had withdrawn last troops based in Georgia, still occupied the breakaway provinces; Human Rights Watch disapproved of the government's excessive force against protestors in November
  • (2008) Mikheil Saakashvili re-elected; separatist government in Abkhazia asked United Nations to recognize independence; NATO summit Buchareat deferred decision on Georgia's application to join the membership program; ruling party won landslide victory in parliamentary election, opposition stated election rigged, threatened to boycott new parliament; several explosions in Abkhazia intensified tensions between Georgia and Russia; Georgia tried to take back South Ossetia by force, tensions between Georgia and Russia escalated into full blown military conflict; Russian forces took control of Tskhinvali, Georgia ordered troops in South Ossetia to cease fire, the two sides finally signed a peace agreement negotiated by France; Dmitry Medvedev, Russian president, signed treaties with South Ossetia and Abkhazia, entrusted Moscow to defend Georgian breakaway region from outside attack; European Union observers started patrols in Georgia to witness ceasefire between Georgian and Russian forces; Russian troops completed a withdraw from safeguard zones next to Georgia regions; Saakashvili named Grigol Mgaloblishvili prime minister
  • (2009) Mgaloblishvili resigned on health grounds; Nika Gilauri became prime minister; opposition supporters launched protests in an effort to persuade President Saakashvili to resign; Saakashvili accused Russia of financing the protests calling for his resignation
  • (2009) Russia demanded NATO call off military exercises to be held in Georgia; Georgian authorities squelched a mutiny by a tank battalion at the Mukhrovani army base; NATO military exercises began in Georgia amid condemnation from Russia; more than 50,000 opposition supporters gathered at Tbilisi stadium, demanded President Saakashvili's resignation; UN observers left Georgia after 16 years of monitoring the Abkhazia cease-fire line; U.S. Vice President Biden visited Georgia, told Georgian parliament that the US fully supported their hopes of joining NATO; EU reported on 2008 conflict with Russia - put most of blame on Georgia
  • (2010) Russia and Georgia reopened air traffic with the first direct passenger flight between the two countries since the war in 2008; Russia and Georgia reopened a border crossing closed since July 2006; Hillary Clinton, US Secretary of State, visited Georgia, assured US support for its territorial integrity, called upon Russia to withdraw forces from South Ossatia; Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said Georgia and South Ossetia should sort out their problems without appealing to third parties
  • (2011) South Ossetia reported registering 14 drones from Georgia in its airspace, Georgia denied the claims
  • (2011) Georgian Airways plane crashed at airport in Democratic Republic of Congo, 32 killed, one survivor
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Georgia Trivia

Where is South Ossetia?

South Ossetia is located on the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains.

Is South Ossetia a Country?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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